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Related to gingivitis: periodontitis


(jĭn'jəvī`tĭs), inflammation of the gums. It may be acute, subacute, chronic, or recurrent. The gums usually become red, swollen, and spongy, and bleed easily. Chronic gingivitis is the usual form, resulting from irritating bacteria or debris, food impaction, or poor dental restoration. It can also accompany vitamin C deficiency or metabolic disturbances such as diabetes. If left untreated, it can lead to the more serious pyorrheapyorrhea
, inflammation and degeneration of the gums and other tissues surrounding the teeth. The onset of the disease is marked by bleeding of the gums. As the disease proceeds, the gums recede from the teeth, loosening of the teeth occurs, and the bone supporting the teeth is
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, with gum destruction and loosening of teeth. Trench mouthtrench mouth,
common term for Vincent's infection, an ulcerative membranous infection of the gums and mouth, by noncontagious infection, associated with a fusiform bacillus and a spirochete.
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, an ulcerative infection of the gums and mouth, is sometimes referred to as a form of gingivitis.



a disease of the gums characterized by inflammation, dystrophy, and so on.

Gingivitis may develop from the action of unfavorable external factors on the gum tissues (intoxication with lead, manganese, bismuth, or other toxins), but may also be a manifestation of the irritation of the body’s local or general reactivity. Under the action of harmful factors on the mucous membrane of the gum, first the gingival papilla and then neighboring portions of the mucosa become inflamed. Bleeding and soreness of the gums appears. With prolonged action of harmful factors, a destructive process may develop—the formation of ulcers or erosions on the gingival mucosa. When necrotic sections appear as a result of intoxication, the general condition of the body declines, body temperature rises, and the patient suffers from headache, weakness, excessive perspiration, insomnia, and a putrid odor from the mouth. Gingivitis has a tendency toward frequent exacerbations, which arise simultaneously with the aggravation of any disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Treatment is directed toward removing the basic disease and harmful factors. Gingivitis can be prevented by cleaning the teeth without fail, systematic removal of dental plaque, and timely treatment of the teeth and the mucosa of the oral cavity.


Rukovodstvo po terapevticheskoi stomatologii. Edited by A. I. Evdokimov. Moscow, 1967.



Inflammation of the gingiva.


inflammation of the gums
References in periodicals archive ?
Acute streptococcal gingivitis is a rare condition characterised by a diffuse erythema of the gingiva and the pathogenesis and prognosis of this oral disease is different from routine plaque-associated gingivitis.
Preliminary results of an island-wide study revealed that the prevalence of gingivitis, a precursor of PD, in 12-year-olds exceeded 85% (10).
Key Words: Gingivitis, Pregnancy, Socio-demographic status, Trimesters of pregnancy.
reuteri containing lozenges may be a valuable adjunct in the control of pregnancy gingivitis.
Chronic desquamation of the gingiva is referred to as desquamative gingivitis (DG) (2).
The report provides a snapshot of the global therapeutic landscape of Gingivitis
Whilst this is a small study of short duration, the results suggest a potential benefit of the polyherbal mouthwash in improving gingivitis as reflected by the decreased scores of MGI, MQH and GBI.
The toothpaste, too, kills bacteria that causes gingivitis to promote healthy gums and protect against cavities, plaque and tartar.
A Gingivitis is usually caused by the build-up of plaque (food particles, saliva and bacteria) where the gum meets the base of the tooth.
reuteri strain ATCC 55730 during the last 4 weeks of pregnancy and the first year of the child's life resulted in a decrease in caries prevalence and less gingivitis at 9 years of age.
An independent review conducted by the Cochrane Oral Health Group came out with the conclusion that the use of Colgate Total for six months or more helps reduction in plaque and gingivitis by 22 per cent, in plaque severity by 41 per cent and in gum bleeding by 48 per cent, when being compared to traditional flouride toothpaste.