girt

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girt

Nautical moored securely to prevent swinging

Girt

In a braced frame, a horizontal member at an intermediate level between the columns, studs, or posts; a heavy beam, framed into the studs, which supports the floor joists.

girt

[gərt]
(civil engineering)
A timber in the second-floor corner posts of a house to serve as a footing for roof rafters.
A horizontal member to stiffen the framework of a building frame or trestle.
(engineering)
A brace member running horizontally between the legs of a drill tripod or derrick.
(mining engineering)
In square-set timbering, a horizontal brace running parallel to the drift.

girt

girt, 2
A horizontal structural member in the framing, 3 of an early timber-framed house, typically supporting the ends of the ceiling joists and acting as the main horizontal support for the floor above; often located about halfway between the groundsill, 2 and the horizontal timber at the top of the wall (the top plate) The term girt often is preceded by an adjective indicating its position; for example, front girt denotes a heavy timber that runs horizontally along the front of the house; rear girt denotes a heavy timber that runs horizontally along the rear face of the house; chimney girt denotes a heavy timber that acts a main horizontal support between chimney posts. See illustration under timber-framed house.