pause

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Related to give pause: take exception, give pause for thought

pause

1. Prosody another word for caesura
2. Music a continuation of a note or rest beyond its normal length.

Pause

 

an interruption in the flow of speech. A distinction is made between logical pauses, which are determined entirely by syntax, and rhythmic pauses, which depend not on syntax but on a rhythmic impulse. Logical pauses are encountered in all kinds of speech, and rhythmic pauses only in versified speech.

In quantitative versification (for example, the choral lyrics of the Greeks), a pause may be a structural element of a line of verse: it has a definite length and replaces a certain number of syllables of the same length. In tonic versification (for example, Russian verse), where the length of syllables is not regulated, a pause may be merely an element of demarcation in a line of verse. It denotes various obligatory word divisions (for example, at the end of a line or a caesura)—that is, it is associated not with versification but with declamation. Nonetheless, some prosodists (G. A. Shengeli, A. P. Kviatkovskii, and S. V. Shervinskii) consider it feasible to regard the pause as a structural element even in tonic verse, chiefly in the dol’nik (a Russian poetic meter).

REFERENCES

Shengeli, G. Tekhnika stikha. Moscow, 1960.
Shervinskii, S. Khudozhestvennoe chtenie. Moscow, 1935.
Shervinskii, S. Ritm i smysl. Moscow, 1961.
Kviatkovskii, A. Poeticheskii slovar’. Moscow, 1976.

M. L. GASPAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
The treatment of these courageous women ought to give pause to those who argue that North Korea is susceptible to offers of ''engagement''; that it seeks normal political and economic relations with the United States and other Western countries.
The analysis he provided during his speech on Monday night about the current Israeli situation ought to give pause to those who doubt that Israel poses a grave danger.
It's enough to give pause to any financially strapped Santa Claus, and perhaps elicit his applause.
There are, however, some parts of Bashir's cease-fire declaration that should give pause for thought, because they smack of his administration's past reluctance to confront tough realities.
He said: "It is a time when we give pause for thought and pay tribute to the many Scottish servicemen and women who have made the ultimate sacrifice in defence of our country.
In terms of the Assembly, these results should now give pause for thought to many Plaid Cymru activists as to whether it is still in their political interests to remain in power in Cardiff Bay with a Labour Party that clearly has lost the support of many of the Welsh electorate.
Gold prices moving above $1,000 per ounce might have been expected to prompt consumers to give pause.
Marked might not stand out on a comic book rack, but it would certainly give pause to someone browsing in a religious book store where it is just as likely to be found.
As the author is careful to point out, past interpretation should give pause to those who would use the Bible to build new empires.
The participants' conclusion--that the Western Hemisphere security situation is "extremely volatile and dangerous" and that the challenges of good governance and security need to be addressed lest the issue resolve itself in ways not to our liking--should give pause to security decisionmakers.
Nall said that several features of the program give pause because they might undermine the prohibition on ex parte communication between Appeals and Examination, reduce access to the technical advice memorandum process, or limit the scope of issues considered by Appeals.
However, he is sensibly tolerant about the blurring between shall and will, and his preface admits that "Every living language is constantly changing"--a thought that should give pause to anyone pontificating about English.