glial cell

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glial cell

[′glē·əl ‚sel]
(neuroscience)
References in periodicals archive ?
Moroccan Glia is a former professional footballer and has represented his country at youth level playing in both midfield and striker roles.
He cites a wealth of studies to support this idea, but he also extrapolates beyond the findings, implicating glia in everything from dreaming to disease.
Because completely functional synapses occur in the presence of glia, "we know that glia produce at least one other protein, which we have not yet identified, that is necessary to produce a fully functional synapse," Dr.
He added that the glia probably have many additional roles, also unknown.
In the current work, Zhao Qin, a graduate student in the department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, wanted to find what prompts Muller glia to start the regeneration process.
In particular, glia known as astrocytes make up about half the cells in the brain, although their exact role has remained murky.
Setsuko Sahara initially started looking at the effects of deleting Fgf10 in mouse brain, but she quickly realised that the primary function of the growth factor was to regulate the differentiation of radial glia, progenitor cells that divide asymmetrically to produce a pair of unlike daughter cells.
Papers from the symposium consider how extracellular ATP acts to integrate communication between different types of glia in the brain, and between neurons and glia.
The developmental neurotoxicity of the organophosphate pesticide chlorpyrifos (CPF) is thought to involve both neurons and glia, thus producing a prolonged window of vulnerability.
Equally unforeseen, say investigators, is their finding that non-nerve cells called glia seem to provide the cholesterol that controls synapse building.
Begueule stayed on well to take the Prix de Valgenceuse, but the Pascal Bary-trained third-placed Glia could turn out to be the best prospect.
The study showed that synaptojanin-1, a central component of the pathway, is essential to production of glia, brain cells that act as neurons' personal assistants.