gloss

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gloss

[Gr.,=tongue], explanatory note on a word or words of a text, usually written between the lines or in a margin of a manuscript. In copying a manuscript, a copyist sometimes incorporated a gloss in the text, so that the copy departed from the original. The gloss may be in a language different from that of the text. Old glosses on the Bible have value as evidence of tradition, as have glosses in civil and canon law.

Gloss

A property of paint finish that determines its reflective quality; either shiny, semireflective, soft finish, or flat.

Gloss

 

(1) Translation or explanation of an incomprehensible word or expression, primarily in the works of ancient writers. Glosses were first used by the Greeks in the study of Homer’s poetry. The so-called Homeric glosses of the Alexandrian period (Zenodotus of Ephesus) enjoyed wide renown. Later, glosses were used mainly in the explication of individual biblical passages and of juridical texts. The so-called Malberg Gloss, which is composed of separate Frankish words and expressions joined to the Latin text of the Salic Law, is the most ancient monument of the German language, and the Reichenau Glosses, which were attached to the Latin Bible, are the first monument of the French language. Since the 17th century, glosses have been studied as valuable linguistic material.

(2) In Old Spanish poetry, a poem consisting of four stanzas (mainly the décima) and the four-line epigraph (called a motto) preceding them, each line of which completed the corresponding stanza. An example is the poem “On the Beauty Unhappy in Marriage” by C. de Castillejo.

gloss

[gläs]
(optics)
The ratio of the light specularly reflected from a surface to the total light reflected.

gloss

The degree of surface luster; ranges from a matte surface practically without sheen to an almost mirror-like glossy finish; intermediate conditions (in increasing order of glossiness) are: flat, eggshell, semigloss, and full gloss or high gloss.
References in periodicals archive ?
Glosser joins the Company from Sony Online Entertainment where he served as the Executive Vice President responsible for the business side of The Station @ sony.
TRY: Orly Bonder (base coat) and Glosser (top coat), both PS10.
349) For an analysis of each state's statutory rape laws, see GLOSSER ET AL.
Tara Smith Shining Moment Glosser, PS12 (Your Beauty at Marks & Spencer) The pump spray doesn't make for impressive distribution but I loved both the packaging and fragrance of this vegan haircare brand.
Hurst RW, Bagley LJ, Galetta S, Glosser G, Lieberman AP, Trojanowski J, Sinson G, Stecker M, Zager E, Raps EC, Flamm ES.
Cathy Hoffman Glosser, The Trump Organization's executive vice president of global licensing, said the collection "is the perfect complement to our successful mattress collection and will offer customers the right foundation pieces for a restful night's sleep.
I think the latter suggestion is correct and that the glosser was giving a phonetic rendering, a pronunciation guide, using his native, possibly Turkic, orthographic principles.
75 on the crimper's Hair Glosser (150ml), which was pounds 5.
1990; Edmans, Towle, & Lincoln, 1991; Glosser, Gallo, Duda, de Vries, Clark et al.
Glosser G, Zwil A, Glosser D S, et al Psychiatric aspects of temporal lobe epilepsy before and after anterior temporal lobectomy.
For instance, in Thailand kaffir limes are incorporated because of beliefs that they make hair softener and glosser.