gloss

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gloss

[Gr.,=tongue], explanatory note on a word or words of a text, usually written between the lines or in a margin of a manuscript. In copying a manuscript, a copyist sometimes incorporated a gloss in the text, so that the copy departed from the original. The gloss may be in a language different from that of the text. Old glosses on the Bible have value as evidence of tradition, as have glosses in civil and canon law.

Gloss

A property of paint finish that determines its reflective quality; either shiny, semireflective, soft finish, or flat.

Gloss

 

(1) Translation or explanation of an incomprehensible word or expression, primarily in the works of ancient writers. Glosses were first used by the Greeks in the study of Homer’s poetry. The so-called Homeric glosses of the Alexandrian period (Zenodotus of Ephesus) enjoyed wide renown. Later, glosses were used mainly in the explication of individual biblical passages and of juridical texts. The so-called Malberg Gloss, which is composed of separate Frankish words and expressions joined to the Latin text of the Salic Law, is the most ancient monument of the German language, and the Reichenau Glosses, which were attached to the Latin Bible, are the first monument of the French language. Since the 17th century, glosses have been studied as valuable linguistic material.

(2) In Old Spanish poetry, a poem consisting of four stanzas (mainly the décima) and the four-line epigraph (called a motto) preceding them, each line of which completed the corresponding stanza. An example is the poem “On the Beauty Unhappy in Marriage” by C. de Castillejo.

gloss

[gläs]
(optics)
The ratio of the light specularly reflected from a surface to the total light reflected.

gloss

The degree of surface luster; ranges from a matte surface practically without sheen to an almost mirror-like glossy finish; intermediate conditions (in increasing order of glossiness) are: flat, eggshell, semigloss, and full gloss or high gloss.
References in periodicals archive ?
8 JW Glosser, JH Campbell "Pathologic changes in soft tissues associated with Radiographically 'normal' third molar impac-tions".
We are currently working with retailers to create the best environment for the Trump Home brand and working to educate the sales associates on the Trump-branded product," Glosser said.
The pair discussed charging Glosser $10,000 to $15,000 for the killing, and $3,000 to $4,000 for convincing her to withdraw her harassment complaint, Special Agent Jeffrey Durr of the Virginia State Police testified.
Fishman, Plamen Kikolov, Asaph Glosser, and Stephanie Laud.
the glosser of Spenser's Shepheardes Calendar, primarily to "control" meaning or for George Puttenham's self-contradicting anonymity, which North tells us could be accidental but is no whit the less accessible to an elaborate cultural exposition that paradoxically implies conscious agency (104-08, esp.
Featuring three kinds of shampoo, light reflecting conditioner, perfecting glosser, finishing creme, mousse and finishing spray, the range is available at Boots with prices starting from pounds 4.
TITLE: Essentials of Electronic Discovery: Finding and Using Cyber Evidence AUTHORS: Joan Feldman ISBN: 1-888075-09-0 PUBLISHER: Glosser LegalWorks PUBLICATION DATE: 2003 LENGTH: 278 pages PRICE: $195 U.
Sirven J, Whedon B, Caplan D, Liporace J, Glosser D, O'Dwyer J, et al.
Guillaume's reliability as a glosser of his own actions is here brought into question by his insistence on his honor, hos own behavior, and his exemplum, whose mismatch invites readers to make their own, opposite judgments.
The Boots 17 Body Glimmer Dust, pounds 4, with its incandescent gold pearl finish is another way to add face and body sparkle while the 17 Eye 'n' Lip Glosser Pen, pounds 2.