gloss

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gloss

[Gr.,=tongue], explanatory note on a word or words of a text, usually written between the lines or in a margin of a manuscript. In copying a manuscript, a copyist sometimes incorporated a gloss in the text, so that the copy departed from the original. The gloss may be in a language different from that of the text. Old glosses on the Bible have value as evidence of tradition, as have glosses in civil and canon law.

Gloss

A property of paint finish that determines its reflective quality; either shiny, semireflective, soft finish, or flat.

Gloss

 

(1) Translation or explanation of an incomprehensible word or expression, primarily in the works of ancient writers. Glosses were first used by the Greeks in the study of Homer’s poetry. The so-called Homeric glosses of the Alexandrian period (Zenodotus of Ephesus) enjoyed wide renown. Later, glosses were used mainly in the explication of individual biblical passages and of juridical texts. The so-called Malberg Gloss, which is composed of separate Frankish words and expressions joined to the Latin text of the Salic Law, is the most ancient monument of the German language, and the Reichenau Glosses, which were attached to the Latin Bible, are the first monument of the French language. Since the 17th century, glosses have been studied as valuable linguistic material.

(2) In Old Spanish poetry, a poem consisting of four stanzas (mainly the décima) and the four-line epigraph (called a motto) preceding them, each line of which completed the corresponding stanza. An example is the poem “On the Beauty Unhappy in Marriage” by C. de Castillejo.

gloss

[gläs]
(optics)
The ratio of the light specularly reflected from a surface to the total light reflected.

gloss

The degree of surface luster; ranges from a matte surface practically without sheen to an almost mirror-like glossy finish; intermediate conditions (in increasing order of glossiness) are: flat, eggshell, semigloss, and full gloss or high gloss.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, in spite of some advantages and without denying that it can be a somewhat helpful and useful aid in language learning, glossing also has certain disadvantages.
Notwithstanding, glossing can be of much greater learning value, provided it is a cognitive act performed by learners themselves; this condition is fulfilled when learners are actively involved in creating their own glosses to satisfy their individual learning needs.
My assumption that learner glossing per se is beneficial to vocabulary learning is attributed to several reasons.
I have no doubt that further examination will reveal more examples of this sort of glossing.
The interrogative form of the circumstantiae is used not only in the accessus to the Carmen Paschale and many other familiar school texts - whose opening verses are so often the focus of syntactical glossing - but in accessus to grammatical works like the Priscian commentary attributed to Eriugena,(14) or Sedulius Scottus' commentary on Donatus' De octo partibus orationis.
The fragment is heavily glossed and all glosses - syntax-marks, circumstantiae-glosses, and lexical and explanatory glosses appear to be in the same hand: the scribe was presumably copying from an exemplar containing more than one layer of glossing and was careful to fit all the glosses together neatly.