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gluten,

mixture of proteinsprotein,
any of the group of highly complex organic compounds found in all living cells and comprising the most abundant class of all biological molecules. Protein comprises approximately 50% of cellular dry weight.
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 present in the cereal grains. The long molecules of gluten, insoluble in water, are strong and flexible and form many cross linkages. This gives flour its characteristic chewiness and permits breads and cakes to rise during baking as the gases within expand and are trapped in the gluten superstructure. Various flours have different ratios of gluten to starch (called hardness) and are appropriate for different types of foodstuffs. Thus soft flour is used for cakes, harder flour for pastry, hard flour for bread, and the hardest, or durum, for pasta. The hereditary disease called nontropical spruesprue,
chronic disorder of the small intestine caused by impaired absorption of fat and other nutrients. Two forms of the disease exist.

Tropical sprue occurs in central and northern South America, Asia, Africa, and other specific locations.
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 is characterized by an inability to digest gluten. In this disease the gluten acts as an antigen (see immunityimmunity,
ability of an organism to resist disease by identifying and destroying foreign substances or organisms. Although all animals have some immune capabilities, little is known about nonmammalian immunity.
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) and forms immune complexes that cause damage to the mucus lining of the intestine.

gluten

[′glüt·ən]
(biochemistry)
A mixture of proteins found in the seeds of cereals; gives dough elasticity and cohesiveness.
An albuminous element of animal tissue.

gluten

a protein consisting of a mixture of glutelin and gliadin, present in cereal grains, esp wheat. A gluten-free diet is necessary in cases of coeliac disease
References in periodicals archive ?
Taylor (2008), however, disagreed with the global saving glut hypothesis and suggested that there is actually no evidence for a global saving glut.
We hope that the G-20 leaders will think systemically at Cannes, and act nationally and cooperatively to defuse the global credit glut minefield.
Despite the glut, retail coffee prices have not fallen across the board.
The glut has frozen all speculative industrial construction, he added.
to speak of information glut is simply an insult to intelligence.
Unlike the lonely Crusoe, we live amid an embarrassment of literary (and not so literary) riches, an information and publishing glut that threatens to swamp us with its rising tide.
The result was an oil glut and the collapse of prices to as low as $10 per barrel in 1986.
This property glut will need to be absorbed by the market before any significant recovery in real estate values can take place.
Look again: With more and more communities adding newspaper recycling programs every week and with only a handful of mills geared up to recycle newsprint, some observers fear that a glut of newspapers might trash the momentum recycling has gained in recent months.
com/research/048b09/tough_road_ahead_f) has announced the addition of GlobalData's new report "Tough Road Ahead For the Global LNG Industry- Supply Glut Leading To a Grim Short Term Outlook" to their offering.
A global oil glut is building as Opec kingpin Saudi Arabia pumps near record highs in an attempt to win a market-share battle against stubbornly resistant US shale production, the International Energy Agency (IEA) said.
Prior to joining the Glut Food Cooperative, Shauntrice Martin was working as an addictions recovery counselor at Phoenix Houses of the Mid Atlantic, a drug rehabilitation clinic in Arlington, Va.