glutamate


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glutamate

[′glüd·ə‚māt]
(biochemistry)
A salt or ester of glutamic acid.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kimizuka (1979), "Psychometric Studies on the Taste of Monosodium Glutamate," In: Filer, L.
Common products such as tomatoes, meats, milk, fruits and vegetables all contribute free glutamate to the diet, at levels in excess of that supplied by hydrolyzed vegetable protein and autolyzed yeast extract.
In terms of taste preferences, however, 75 percent of the editors indicated they preferred the broth with the umami flavor contributed by glutamate.
Glutamate occurs naturally in protein-containing foods such as meat, fish, milk and many vegetables.
We don't know what exposure is leading to this susceptibility to dietary glutamate, but this pilot study suggests the need for a large-scale clinical trial, since dietary change could be an effective low-cost treatment option for developing countries.
Trigriluzole, a novel tripeptide prodrug being developed by Biohaven for the treatment of diseases mediated by glutamate disruption, has been observed in clinical trials to have a favorable safety and tolerability profile and excellent absorption and distribution when compared to other glutamate modulating agents.
According to the company, the glutamate receptors, in particular the metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 (GRM1), are expressed on several tumors and plays a critical role in tumor metabolism.
The report provides a snapshot of the global therapeutic landscape for Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor 3 (mGluR3 or GRM3 or GPRC1C or MGLUR3)
While glutamate is the brain's most important excitatory neurotransmitter, L-theanine binds to the same brain cell receptors and blocks them to glutamate's effects.
Glutamate is one of the most prominent neurotransmitters in the body, present in over 50% of nervous tissue, and it plays an important role in neuronal excitation (Danbolt, 2001).
Among them, monosodium glutamate (MSG), sodium salt of non-essential amino acid glutamate, is one of the most widely used food additives [1].