glutenin


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glutenin

[′glüt·ən·ən]
(biochemistry)
A glutelin of wheat.
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Yapilan calismalarda hastalik belirtilerinin gec yaslarda ortaya cikmasinda, anne sutu alma suresinin uzamasi ve diyete glutenin gec girmesinin etkili oldugu bildirilmistir (12,14).
A research on identification of wheat varieties by polyacrilamide gel electrophoresis of gliadin and glutenin proteins.
who characterized the glutenin proteins and helped evaluate the wheat's nutritional value.
Chibbar notes that current biotech research holds the potential to improve wheat and other grain quality in a number of ways, including increasing the protein content; increasing the essential amino acids; increasing the high molecular weight glutenins to improve the bread-making properties of wheat flour; increasing the heat stability of barley; modifying the starch structure to make bread that better resists staling or for flours optimized for frozen dough applications; adding genes for processing enzymes to make them part of flour composition instead of ingredients that bakers need to add; producing pharmaceuticals in grains; and producing nutraceuticals/functional foods.
This is related to the quantity and size distribution of polymeric glutenin proteins in grain.
It will take hard physical labor for at least 10 minutes to combine the gliadin and glutenin in the flour to develop good rubber-like gluten.
The researchers now want to fine-tune this strategy for more precise control over wheat flour's glutenin levels.
In our experiments we targeted a 246 base pair segment of DNA from a polymorphic region, linked to the genes for the high-molecular-weight (HMW) glutenin proteins, chosen partly on technical and partly on scientific grounds.
Gliadin and glutenin had a weakening and a strengthening effect on the dough, respectively.
However, FA also decreased the quantity of the glutenin macropolymer.
Many now believe that the glutenin polymers representing the high molecular weight (MW) end of the gluten spectrum are largely responsible for variations in breadmaking performance.