glycosyl


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glycosyl

[′glī·kə‚sil]
(biochemistry)
A univalent functional group derived from the cyclic form of glycose by removal of the hemiacetal hydroxyl group.
References in periodicals archive ?
Manganese has three primary metabolic functions: (i) it acts as an activator of the gluconeogenic enzymes pyruvate carboxylase and isocitrate dehydrogenase, (ii) it is involved in protecting mitochondrial membranes through superoxide dismutase; and (iii) it activates glycosyl transferase, which is involved in mucopolysaccharide synthesis (15).
Lucinoma aequizonata can store extremely high amounts of glycogen in its mantle tissue (about 700 [micro]mol glycosyl units [g.
Starch cationization consists in substituting the hydroxyl groups of the glycosyl units of the starch backbone by ammonium groups (Fig.
Plant [beta]-glucosidases belong to glycosyl hydrolase family and play important roles in defense, phytochrome regulation, oligosaccharide catabolism.
Role for cell adhesion and glycosyl (HNK-1 and oligomannoside) recognition in the sharpening of the regenerating retinotectal projection in goldfish.
These ligands, like the receptors, are anchored on the plasma membrane via a glycosyl phosphatidylinositol linkage (ephrin-A) or a transmembrane domain (ephrin-B).
Many protein-based therapeutics require glycosyl groups for full functionality.
Later, it was recognized that Cry9c may be glycosylated in plants; many believe that glycosylation is a feature of many food allergens (50) and that glycosyl groups contribute substantially to allergen binding (51,52).
Covering the chemistry necessary to synthesize exact copies of these structures, top authors from all around the world comprehensively deal with synthesis from anomeric halides, from miscellaneous glycosyl donors, and by indirect and special methods, as well as 1-oxygen-and 1-sulfur-substituted derivatives.
The crystal structure of endoglucanase CelA, a family 8 glycosyl hydrolase from Clostridium thermocellum.
The inventions embodied by this patent are genes and their corresponding enzymes from glycosyl hydrolase family 10 having xylanase activity which are derived from Chysosporium fungal strains.
Evolution of mammalian chitinase(-like) members of family 18 glycosyl hydrolases.