GUI

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GUI

[′gü‚ē or ¦jē¦yü′ī]
(computer science)

GUI

GUI

(Graphical User Interface) The common method of interacting with a computer that allows any graphics image to be displayed on screen. Except for entering text on the keyboard, the primary way the computer is operated is with a mouse or touchpad pointing device. The mouse/touchpad is used to select icons and menu options as well as move and resize windows that frame the application and elements within it. The major GUIs are Windows and Mac along with GNOME and KDE for Linux.

With the advent of the Macintosh in the mid-1980s and Windows in the 1990s, GUIs replaced the character-based display with a graphics display and eliminated the need to enter cryptic commands in a required sequence. In addition, fonts could be changed and resized on screen, providing a what-you-see-is-what-you-get (WYSIWYG) capability for creating printed materials. However, all major operating systems still include a command line interface that lets programmers and power users enter commands to perform certain tasks faster and more easily than with a mouse (see command line). See user interface, UI types, drag and drop, desktop manager, window manager and Star.


The First Commercial GUI
Xerox's Star workstation was the first commercial implementation of the graphical user interface. The Star was introduced in 1981 and was the inspiration for the Mac and all the other GUIs that followed. (Image courtesy of Xerox Corporation.)







The Mac GUI
The top screen shot is an early Mac desktop with "Power Dude" being the name of the hard disk. Look at the difference between the icons, fonts and window borders on the old user interface compared to the Mac OS X window below. (Top screen shot courtesy of Peter Hermsen.)


The Mac GUI
The top screen shot is an early Mac desktop with "Power Dude" being the name of the hard disk. Look at the difference between the icons, fonts and window borders on the old user interface compared to the Mac OS X window below. (Top screen shot courtesy of Peter Hermsen.)







Early Windows
This was the Windows 2.0 interface in the late 1980s. As rigid as it looks, it was an improvement over Windows 1.0 because it supported resizable windows that could overlap. (Image courtesy of Ian Albert, www.ianalbert.com)







Unix Workstations
The Motif graphical interface was added to the command-line world of Unix workstations in the 1980s. (Screen shot courtesy of The Santa Cruz Operation, Inc.)







A Design Revolution
GUIs enabled all kinds of imaginative application interfaces. In this earlier Bryce 3D modeling program, the symbols at the bottom left were camera controls. The large one was the camera trackball, while the other three controlled the x, y and z axes. On top were primitive graphic elements, including an "organic rock generator," fourth from left. (Screen shot courtesy of MetaCreations Corporation.)







Custom Looks for Windows
Stardock's WindowBlinds allows Windows users to have a unique desktop look with thousands of pre-built designs to choose from. (Image courtesy of Stardock Corporation, Inc., www.stardock.com)
References in periodicals archive ?
If I want to check up on the news when I'm using Gooey, I don't want to break off my conversation to go to a separate news website.
Hypernix is the developer of Gooey, an integrated roving communication platform that has attracted nearly one million Internet users since its launch in June 1999.
The top of the tree looked a sorry sight, All the leaves covered in a gooey blight, Any cherries that had been were now no more, Had lost the battle, aphids won with high score.
Stir one last time, to make nice and gooey, then serve.
CHEWY GOOEY cookies come in two delicious varieties -- Chocofudge and Megafudge -- both offering a rich, robust chocolatey surprise sure to delight the whole family as summer fun heats up.
When it comes to your next job, this can be used to cover the pasting table, allowing you to rip it off when you're done, with no gooey mess to scrape off.
Sydney, November 14 (ANI): The next time you bungee jump off a cliff, mermaid's necklace, a gooey, stringy material that marine snails use to protect their growing embryos, could provide you with a smoother ride.
Soft Toffees, Fluffy Nougat and Gooey Caramels will join the company's bestseller, Crumbly Fudge, in the smaller format, all at an rsp of 1.
The tracks are Snyder the Snuggly Spider (2:17), Dancing in the School Yard (2:32), Silly Willy Freeze Dance (2:35), Imagination Train Station (2:55), Dancing in the USA (2:24), Gooey Gooey Gum Drop (2:56), The Kangaroo Hop (2:29), We're Peanut Butter-n-Jammin' (2:20), The Fishing Song (1:16), and The Great Big Castle (circle game) (4:19).
If fruit flavors sound too tame, try cajeta (vanilla ice filled with gooey caramel) or cafe con almendras (mocha almond with cinnamon).
According to new reports from the New Scientist magazine the sweet gooey stuff contains anti-oxidants which could help slow down the ageing process.
Written in humorous rhyme, Sticky People details how children can get sticky, gooey, and messy from maple syrup, mudpies, dripping chocolate, and glue.