gooseflesh


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Related to gooseflesh: piloerection

gooseflesh,

temporary rumpling of the skin into tiny bumps, also called goose bumps and goose pimples, and technically known as cutis ansirina. In response to cold or certain emotional states, such as fear or rage, the smooth muscles of the subsurface layer (dermis) of skin tend to contract, causing the skin to pucker and body hair to stand erect. In furred animals this can serve a dual purpose. Erection of the fur may make an animal seem larger than it actually is and act to frighten away a potential aggressor. Second, the erect fur traps a blanket of air close to the skin thus providing the organism with additional insulation against loss of body heat. In humans, this response would seem to be vestigial.

Gooseflesh

 

a change in the skin manifested by the appearance of tiny nodules, so that the skin resembles that of a plucked goose.

Gooseflesh is caused by cold and mental agitation (for example, fear), which result in the contraction of the minute muscles that raise the hair. Gooseflesh can be a form of keratosis, lichen pilaris, a developmental anomaly of the hair bulbs, or vitamin A deficiency. It appears in children from the ages of two to five mostly on the extensor surfaces of the limbs, intensifies at puberty, and smooths out after a number of years. Treatment of the condition involves softening and removal of the horny layers and a diet rich in vitamin A, or administration of a preparation containing the vitamin.

References in periodicals archive ?
Their set at Glastonbury brought about more shivers and gooseflesh than influenza.
There she was with her ruined looks and her adult, rope-veined narrow hands and her gooseflesh white arms, and her shallow ears and her unkempt armpits, there she was (my Lolita
A dull, dead voice drifted up through the darkness of his bed, so low and strange that it startled her, rose the gooseflesh on her arms.
I look at the height she scaled and it gives me gooseflesh.
Octavius helped the girl out of the car and felt the gooseflesh on her thin arms.
when Michiel was busy translating he'd bring a piece and we'd have supper with my partner Lou-Marie and then we'd sit at the supper table and Michiel would read to us from what he had found, with a lot of joy, and we sort of sat there crying and getting gooseflesh and enjoying it and so on .
Subjects dependent on opiates in the absence of the drug will demonstrate various degrees of signs of withdrawal, such as pupillary mydriasis (excessive dilation), agitation, anxiety, muscle aches, gooseflesh, and often diarrhea.