gourd

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gourd

(gôrd, go͝ord), common name for some members of the Cucurbitaceae, a family of plants whose range includes all tropical and subtropical areas and extends into the temperate zones. Almost all members of the family are annual herbs that grow as climbing or prostrate vines with spirally coiled tendrils. The characteristic large and fleshy fruit of many genera is often called a pepo; several genera have dry fruits, some with a single seed. The family is known for its many edible and otherwise useful plants. The name gourd is applied to those whose fruits have hard, durable shells used for ornament and as utensils, e.g., drinking cups, dippers, and bowls. The Old World genus Lagenaria includes the calabash, dipper, and bottle gourds. Luffa cylindrica is the loofah, dishcloth gourd, or vegetable sponge; when the edible fruit—called California okra in the S United States—is bleached dry, the inner fibrous network is used as a filter or a scrubbing sponge. Among the many other gourds are the serpent, or snake, gourd (Trichosanthes anguina) of Indomalaysia, whose slender fruit reaches 6 ft (1.8 m) in length. Many of the edible members of the family have been cultivated for so long—often since prehistoric times—that a single species may include several quite different varieties. Cucurbita includes the pumpkinpumpkin,
common name for the genus Cucurbita of the family Cucurbitaceae (gourd family), a group that includes the pumpkins and squashes—the names may be used interchangeably and without botanical distinction. C.
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, the vegetable marrow, and the summer squashes (all varieties of C. pepo); the winter squashes (varieties of C. maxima); and the crooknecks and the cheese pumpkin (varieties of C. moschata). Cucumis (see melonmelon,
fruit of Cucumis melo, a plant of the family Curcurbitaceae (gourd family) native to Asia and now cultivated extensively in warm regions. There are many varieties, differing in taste, color, and skin texture—e.g.
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) includes the cucumbers (C. sativus) and the gherkins (C. anguria); C. melo includes all melons except the watermelonwatermelon,
plant (Citrullus vulgaris) of the family Curcurbitaceae (gourd family) native to Africa and introduced to America by Africans transported as slaves. Watermelons are now extensively cultivated in the United States and are popular also in S Russia.
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, which, together with the citron, or preserving, melon, is Citrullis vulgaris. Of the few members of the family indigenous to the United States, the colocynth, or bitter-apple (Citrullis colocynthis), yields a powerful laxative from the dried pulp, and the wild balsam apple, or prickly cucumber (Echinocystis lobata), characteristically explodes when ripe, shooting out its seeds—as does the Mediterranean squirting cucumber (Ecballium elaterium). Bryony (two species of Bryonia), cultivated in Central Europe as a cover vine, has long been valued locally for the medicinal properties of its roots. The African genus Dendrosicyos is a unique member of the family in that it grows as a small, bushy tree. Gourds are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Violales, family Cucurbitaceae.

Bibliography

See L. H. Bailey, The Garden of Gourds (1937); U.S. Dept. of Agriculture publications on melons and squash.

Gourd

 

the fruit of any one of several cultivated plants of the family Cucurbitaceae. Gourds include the cucumber, the musk-melon, the watermelon, and squashes. Among the squashes are the winter squash, the winter crookneck, and the pumpkin (whose varieties include the yellow-flowered gourd and the bush pumpkin). Gourds are cultivated in all continents between 60° N lat. and 35° S lat. In northern regions they are grown in green houses and hothouses.

gourd

1. the fruit of any of various cucurbitaceous or similar plants, esp the bottle gourd and some squashes, whose dried shells are used for ornament, drinking cups, etc.
2. any plant that bears this fruit
3. a bottle or flask made from the dried shell of the bottle gourd
References in periodicals archive ?
A foreigner wishing to obtain a residence visa to do business in Haiti must deposit 50,000 gourdes in a blocked account at the Bank of the Republic of Haiti.
Selon Jesumene, une mere de famille interviewee au village de la Fraternite, la depense pour l'eclairage, la nuit, coute 125 a 150 gourdes par mois, soit US$ 3 a US$ 3.
Jacques Gourde : En 17 ans a Ottawa, le Bloc a-t-il retabli l'equilibre fiscal dans la federation?
The Crunch did make it interesting, though, with Yanni Gourde scoring at 9:45 of the third and Dalton Smith bringing them within a goal at 17:17.
In the first half, Gonzaga took advantage of a sagging Pepperdine defense - used primarily to minimize the Bulldogs' inside attack Cory Violette (6-foot-8), Richard Fox (6-11), Ronny Turiaf (6-10) and 6-8 Zach Gourde - by hitting 10 3-pointers, including four by Kyle Bankhead and three by Blake Stepp.
Back in Haiti, on July 25, union and management concluded a settlement granting plantation day laborers a 43 gourde wage increase, taking their daily wage up to 95 gourdes ($4 at current exchange rates).
Wanzek Construction Vice President/Chief Financial Officer Kevin Gourde says Viewpoint and its industry-leading technologies were the stand-alone winners of their exhaustive and intense selection process.
Yanni Gourde is tied for the team lead in points at 12-12-24.
Jerrell Gourde, 18, is said to have wanted swift revenge as he was left humiliated when the boy of 16 chased him with a brick.
With Cory Viollette, Richard Fox, Ronny Turiaf and Zach Gourde, the Bulldogs are big, strong and deep.
Kevin Gourde, Vice President/Chief Financial Officer of Wanzek Construction, a heavy/industrial contractor based in Fargo, North Dakota, says Viewpoint and its industry-leading technologies were the stand-alone winners of their exhaustive and intense selection process.
Yanni Gourde had no problem finding the DCU Center on Friday but felt a little disoriented when he took an immediate left into the visitors' dressing room instead of continuing down the hallway to the Sharks' room.