gourd

(redirected from gourde)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Wikipedia.

gourd

(gôrd, go͝ord), common name for some members of the Cucurbitaceae, a family of plants whose range includes all tropical and subtropical areas and extends into the temperate zones. Almost all members of the family are annual herbs that grow as climbing or prostrate vines with spirally coiled tendrils. The characteristic large and fleshy fruit of many genera is often called a pepo; several genera have dry fruits, some with a single seed. The family is known for its many edible and otherwise useful plants. The name gourd is applied to those whose fruits have hard, durable shells used for ornament and as utensils, e.g., drinking cups, dippers, and bowls. The Old World genus Lagenaria includes the calabash, dipper, and bottle gourds. Luffa cylindrica is the loofah, dishcloth gourd, or vegetable sponge; when the edible fruit—called California okra in the S United States—is bleached dry, the inner fibrous network is used as a filter or a scrubbing sponge. Among the many other gourds are the serpent, or snake, gourd (Trichosanthes anguina) of Indomalaysia, whose slender fruit reaches 6 ft (1.8 m) in length. Many of the edible members of the family have been cultivated for so long—often since prehistoric times—that a single species may include several quite different varieties. Cucurbita includes the pumpkinpumpkin,
common name for the genus Cucurbita of the family Cucurbitaceae (gourd family), a group that includes the pumpkins and squashes—the names may be used interchangeably and without botanical distinction. C.
..... Click the link for more information.
, the vegetable marrow, and the summer squashes (all varieties of C. pepo); the winter squashes (varieties of C. maxima); and the crooknecks and the cheese pumpkin (varieties of C. moschata). Cucumis (see melonmelon,
fruit of Cucumis melo, a plant of the family Curcurbitaceae (gourd family) native to Asia and now cultivated extensively in warm regions. There are many varieties, differing in taste, color, and skin texture—e.g.
..... Click the link for more information.
) includes the cucumbers (C. sativus) and the gherkins (C. anguria); C. melo includes all melons except the watermelonwatermelon,
plant (Citrullus vulgaris) of the family Curcurbitaceae (gourd family) native to Africa and introduced to America by Africans transported as slaves. Watermelons are now extensively cultivated in the United States and are popular also in S Russia.
..... Click the link for more information.
, which, together with the citron, or preserving, melon, is Citrullis vulgaris. Of the few members of the family indigenous to the United States, the colocynth, or bitter-apple (Citrullis colocynthis), yields a powerful laxative from the dried pulp, and the wild balsam apple, or prickly cucumber (Echinocystis lobata), characteristically explodes when ripe, shooting out its seeds—as does the Mediterranean squirting cucumber (Ecballium elaterium). Bryony (two species of Bryonia), cultivated in Central Europe as a cover vine, has long been valued locally for the medicinal properties of its roots. The African genus Dendrosicyos is a unique member of the family in that it grows as a small, bushy tree. Gourds are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information.
, class Magnoliopsida, order Violales, family Cucurbitaceae.

Bibliography

See L. H. Bailey, The Garden of Gourds (1937); U.S. Dept. of Agriculture publications on melons and squash.

Gourd

 

the fruit of any one of several cultivated plants of the family Cucurbitaceae. Gourds include the cucumber, the musk-melon, the watermelon, and squashes. Among the squashes are the winter squash, the winter crookneck, and the pumpkin (whose varieties include the yellow-flowered gourd and the bush pumpkin). Gourds are cultivated in all continents between 60° N lat. and 35° S lat. In northern regions they are grown in green houses and hothouses.

gourd

1. the fruit of any of various cucurbitaceous or similar plants, esp the bottle gourd and some squashes, whose dried shells are used for ornament, drinking cups, etc.
2. any plant that bears this fruit
3. a bottle or flask made from the dried shell of the bottle gourd
References in periodicals archive ?
Asked if Omai will discontinue its use of cyanide, Gourde said, "I don't think so.
Jerrell Gourde, 18, is said to have wanted swift revenge as he was left humiliated when the boy of 16 chased him with a brick.
Jacques Gourde, Member of Parliament for Lotbiniere Chutes-de-la-Chaudiere, today announced, on behalf of the Honourable Denis Lebel, Minister of Transport, Infrastructure and Communities, Minister of the Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec and Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, that the Acton Vale Community Centre and Roxton Falls Recreation have been granted financial assistance to renovate their community and recreational facilities.
In addition to Dickau's 29, Blake Stepp had 24 and Zach Gourde and Cory Violette each added 16.
The value of Haiti's currency, the gourde, dropped recently to 30 gourdes=US$1, down from 18 gourdes=US$1 before the May election.
PROVIDENCE -- In the last five weeks the Sharks have said goodbye to Curt Gogol, Riley Brace, James Livingston, Yanni Gourde, Nick Petrecki and Sebastian Stalberg.
Cattle producers in Quebec and eastern Canada will see a drop in their carcass disposal and handling costs thanks to the opening today of a biomass boiler plant at the Sanimax rendering facility in Levis, by MP Jacques Gourde (Lotbiniere Chutes-de-la-Chaudiere) on behalf of Minister of Industry and Minister of State (Agriculture) Christian Paradis.
Zach Gourde had 25 points for the Bulldogs and Cory Violette added 15.
The value of Haiti's currency, the gourde, plunged to 22 gourdes to the U.
Like, when San Jose didn't offer Yanni Gourde as much as the Tampa Bay Lightning did.
Acting on behalf of the Honourable Denis Lebel, Minister of Transport, Infrastructure and Communities, Minister of the Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec and Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Jacques Gourde, Member of Parliament for Lotbiniere Chutes-de-la-Chaudiere, today announced that the firm Sixpro Inc.
They aren't the most fancy team around, but with excellent point guard Dan Dickau running a well-coached offense, and big men Zack Gourde, Cory Violette and Rony Turiaf providing size and strength up front, the Bulldogs just keep winning.