governor

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governor,

chief executive of a dependent or component unit in a political system. In the United States, a governor is the chief executive of each state and is elected by the people of the state. In the British, French, and Dutch empires a governor was traditionally appointed to rule over each of the colonies. Governors in the United States originally lacked much power. They were often subordinate to the state legislatures and had little control over administrative agencies. However, political reforms in the early 20th cent. shifted power from the legislative to the executive branches of state governments, and today governors are among the most powerful political figures in the United States. At the National Governors Conference, developed from a meeting called (1908) by President Theodore Roosevelt, the nation's governors meet annually to discuss common political and governmental problems.

governor,

automatic device used to regulate and control such variables as speed or pressure in the functioning of an engine or other machine. A governor may be an electric, hydraulic, or mechanical device, or it may employ some combination of electric, hydraulic, and mechanical components. The constant-speed governor serves to keep the speed of an engine constant under changes in load and other disturbances. It is very often a mechanical device, employing centrifugal force. Such a governor contains weights, called flyballs, each attached to the end of an arm. The arms are arranged, like the spokes of wheels, around a central spindle and are connected to the inlet valve (commonly called the governor valve). The flyballs are so attached that they move away from the spindle as the speed increases (decreasing the fuel or steam to the inlet) and come closer to the spindle as the speed decreases (increasing the fuel or steam), thereby keeping the speed constant. Varying degrees of closure and the speeds at which they are to occur can be set in advance. Where changes are required while an engine is in operation, a variable-speed governor is employed. A governor-synchronizing device is used to equalize the speed of two or more engines driving electric generators before they engage the generators. In order to control the speed of some engines, a governor's output must be strengthened by connecting the output to a hydraulic amplifier.

Governor

 

(1) In present-day bourgeois states, the highest official in a territorial unit. For example, in the USA a governor is the executive head of a state, popularly elected from among candidates nominated by the leading bourgeois parties. In Denmark each of the 25 districts is headed by a governor appointed by the king. In Great Britain a governor is an official appointed by the British government to administer a colony.

(2) In prerevolutionary Russia, the highest government official in a province, who performed administrative, police, and military functions.

governor

[′gəv·ə·nər]
(mechanical engineering)
A device, especially one actuated by the centrifugal force of whirling weights opposed by gravity or by springs, used to provide automatic control of speed or power of a prime mover.

governor

A type of control to ensure that certain types of equipment, like high-pressure fuel pumps, operate at the desired speed. A governor has a sensor to measure the speed, a datum from which the equipment speed is referenced, and a control to adjust the speed to align it with the datum. See overspeed governor.

governor

1. the ruler or chief magistrate of a colony, province, etc.
2. the representative of the Crown in a British colony
3. Brit the senior administrator or head of a society, prison, etc.
4. the chief executive of any state in the US
5. Engineering a device that controls the speed of an engine, esp by regulating the supply of fuel, etc., either to limit the maximum speed or to maintain a constant speed
References in periodicals archive ?
Two states hard hit by rioting following last week s presidential elections -- Kaduna and Bauchi -- were holding governorship elections on Thursday.
Other progressive women are vying for New England governorships.
Here, and in subsequent analyses, we treat the second George Bush as if he were to leave office in 2006 (in 2006, Democrats hold four more governorships than they did in 2000).
The PC remained a force to be reckoned with even after that, winning seven governorships in 1995.
With the purpose of involving Afghani immigrants into the social life and to help them to gain abilities which will let them to earn their livings, Erzincan governorship organizes some vocational courses.
One thing remains clear-Republicans are the dominant party in the states, holding a majority of state legislatures, governorships, lieutenant governorships, secretaries of state and half of the nation's attorneys general.
governorships in the United States on Tuesday, including two firsts -- an
Helped by sympathy for Chavez, the ruling Socialist Party swept the board in Sunday's vote, winning 20 out of 23 state governorships in the South American Opec nation.
CARACAS(TAP) - President Hugo Chavez, despite an intensifying battle with cancer, tightened his grip on Venezuela, with the opposition suffering a blow and losing several governorships in state races.
March 20 -- Shirakawa and Nishimura assume deputy governorships.
While don Quijote's invocation of "los caballeros andantes antiguos" creates a clear connection to the literary legacy of the libros de caballerias, his description of the practice of endowing governorships is also suggestive of the sixteenth-century patronage system of allocating encomiendas for service to the crown (Himmerich y Valencia).
The party that picks up the greatest number of combined governorships, senates and houses will be well positioned to redraw districts in their party's favor.