grandfather clause


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grandfather clause,

provision in constitutions (adopted 1895–1910) of seven post–Reconstruction Southern states that exempted those persons who had been eligible to vote on Jan. 1, 1867, and their descendants from rigid economic and literacy requirements for voting. Since African Americans had not yet been enfranchised on that date, the provision effectively barred them from the polls while granting voting rights to poor and illiterate whites. Such provisions were ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1915. The term grandfather clause is now applied to any kind of legal exemption based on prior status.
References in periodicals archive ?
BE IT RESOLVED that ANNA supports the position that the minimum preparation for beginning professional practice is the baccalaureate degree in nursing and that the minimum preparation for beginning technical nursing practice is the associate degree in nursing, only if a grandfather clause is incorporated.
The old plants benefited from a grandfather clause under the 1970 Clean Air Act that allowed them to continue operating without cleaning up.
In addition, the law does not include a grandfather clause, meaning that a company can't use an individual's information if it doesn't have his or her consent when the law takes effect--even if the data was collected 10 years ago.
It is also worth noting that OSHA has, in the past, incorporated a grandfather clause in its standard.
If the grandfather clause was canceled right now, we would benefit the most of any of the companies in Texas because our nitrogen oxide emissions add up to less than half a percent of the total," he says.
After receiving the NAIIA executive committee endorsement, the RPA contacted all its members, encouraging enrollment of qualified professionals before the grandfather clause expires and designees face "its rigorous educational and testing schedules.
States eligible for the grandfather clause can choose not to tax Internet access.
A grandfather clause of the legislation said the new law would not apply to any amount received under a written binding agreement, court decree or mediation award in effect on (or issued before) September 13, 1995; therefore, the new law did not affect the taxation of punitive damages received due to physical injury or physical sickness before passage of the 1996 act.
Since such an intent could not have been formed until the regulations appeared, at least in proposed form, this rule has a built-in grandfather clause for previously constructed structures.
A grandfather clause stated that the rule applies only to income from tax-exempt bonds purchased after August 8, 1986.
Amending state regulations to abolish a grandfather clause for pre-1957 oil wells and pits in the 100-year flood plain would go a long way toward alleviating the problem, PC&E officials believe.