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virtually transparent, highly conductive carbon material in which the atoms are organized into a honeycomblike arrangement and form a thin sheet that is one atom thick. Andre GeimGeim, Sir Andre Konstantinovich,
1958–, Russian-born Dutch physicist, Ph.D. Russian Academy of Sciences, 1987. He was a professor at the Univ. of Nijmegen in the Netherlands from 1994 to 2001, when he joined the faculty at the Univ. of Manchester, England.
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 and Konstantin NovoselovNovoselov, Sir Konstantin Sergeevich,
1974–, Russian-British physicist, Ph.D. Univ. of Nijmegen, Netherlands, 2004. He has been a research associate at the Univ. of Manchester, England, since 2001.
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 won the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics for their discovery of the material (2004) and experiments concerning its properties. The structure and properties of graphene make it suitable for a broad range of applications, and it is being investigated for possible use in such products as smart displays, ultrafast transistors, tough composites, and quantum-dot computers. Some of the material's unique properties—electrons move through graphene like massless waves—also have allowed physicists to use simple benchtop laboratory equipment, rather than expensive telescopes and particle accelerators, to test quantum mechanical predictions, and it has been used to contain liquids for for study with electron microscopes.


(1) See also grapheme.

(2) A carbon layer one atom thick derived from the mineral graphite. Looking like chicken wire and considered a 2D material, graphene is naturally found as layers making up graphite. The graphene layers are separated by various exfoliation methods.

Extraordinary Properties
Graphene's mechanical, electrical, optical, thermal and chemical properties are outstanding, and it has been touted as a "miracle material." The 2D sheets can be layered together, fabricated into wires (nanoribbons), flakes, disk-shaped platelets or quantum dots for many applications. In addition, graphene can be added to metals, ceramics, plastics and rubber to make products stronger, lighter, more heat resistant or more flexible.

As the most conductive material on the planet, in time, graphene is expected to supplant silicon in electronics fabrication; however, hurdles must be overcome. For example, graphene has no bandgap; the most essential semiconductor attribute. See bandgap.

Graphene is expected to be a foundation nanotechnology component that revolutionizes industries and future products. See nanotube and nanotechnology.

A 2D Graphene Layer
Resembling chicken wire, graphene layers are separated from graphite.

Graphene - From Soup to Nuts
Ron Mertens' Graphene Handbook educates the reader from the ground up about graphene's properties, shapes, uses and potential. A must read for anyone who wants to truly learn about this amazing material. For more information, visit
References in periodicals archive ?
Tech giants are racing against each other for Graphene as the first companies to utilise the material in mobile devices will leave its competitor eating the dust.
AGM is one of the global leaders in technology to scale up the manufacturing of graphene, a material that's thought to have revolutionary uses across many industries.
Comprehensive quantitative data and forecasts for the global graphene market to 2025
Graphene 3D Lab Co-CEO, Daniel Stolyarov, said, "Graphene Flex Foam is an excellent substrate candidate in the manufacture of electrodes of lithium-ion batteries.
Nancy Wu, Research Director of Innova Research pointed out: "Many graphene applications are still at an early stage towards mass adoption, either because of the low technology maturity or the poor economic feasibility.
Graphene is a two-dimensional sheet of carbon atoms, just one atom thick.
The Japanese rights cover the proprietary process used by the group for manufacturing graphene nanoplatelets.
Graphene, discovered in 2004, is valued for its promise in electronics.
This cements the Cambridge graphene-technology cluster and shows how an effective academic-industrial partnership is key to help move graphene from the lab to the factory floor," said Professor Andrea Ferrari, Director of the Cambridge Graphene Centre.
At the same time, graphene is highly conductive, demonstrating quantum electric field effects at room temperature that previously had only been observed under cryogenic conditions.
If the rumours prove true, graphene will likely debut with the iPhone 6 or the next model after it.
Carmathenshire-based Haydale Graphene Industries said the report represented "another important step forward for the graphene industry".