graphology

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graphology

the study of handwriting, esp to analyse the writer's character

Graphology

 

the study of handwriting, the investigation of handwriting to discern the characteristics and psychic state of the writer reflected in it.

Handwriting is a type of expressive movement, with the special feature that it is “self-recording” and thus is always open to study. The view of handwriting as a distinct expression of a man goes back to antiquity (Theophrastus and others); the first experiments in graphology date from the period of the Renaissance (the work of the Italian scholar C. Baldo, 1622). As a special discipline, graphology arose in the second half of the 19th century in France (J. Michon, who introduced the term “graphology” in 1872; Crépieux-Jamin); handwriting was regarded at this time as a system of stable written traits each corresponding to a particular character trait. At the end of the 19th century the German school of graphology was formed (G. Meyer, W. Preyer and especially L. Klages); in opposition to the isolated interpretation of separate traits, the concept was developed of the double meaning and even multiple meaning of each separate written sign, the concrete meaning of which could be determined only on the level of analysis of handwriting as a “total form” (Klages). Along with other methods, such as tests, graphological data are used for the study in psychology, medicine, and criminal law of the individual characteristics of a person as a method of psychological and physiological diagnosis.

IU. N. POpov

Graphology in criminal law. The Italian scientist C. Lombroso thought that handwriting was an innate and invariable human function and that it allows one to distinguish the traits which characterize the “criminal type” (this concept became one of the bases of the anthropological school of criminal law).

While rejecting these ideas about handwriting as an innate function of the human organism, contemporary criminologists study the process of the formation of handwriting, which has a specific and habitual character, and also investigate the various correlations between handwriting and the personality of the writer—such as the difference between the handwriting of men and women and between that of children and old people, as well as the professional peculiarities of many elements of the written discourse of the writer.

A. I. VInberg

REFERENCE

Michon. J. H. Système de graphologie. Paris, 1875
Klages. L. Handschrift und Charakter, 25th printing. Bonn, 1965.
Pulver, M. Symbolik der Handschrift, 6th printing. Zürich, 1955.
References in periodicals archive ?
Graphologist Andrew McNamara, who is based in Swansea, agreed that handwriting styles reflect someone's personality - and said the decline of legible handwriting would lead to poor communication skills.
I would have to substantiate that a good graphologist can give information that is pertinent to hiring or specific things the employer might be looking for," he says.
A spokesman said: "We look forward to explanations by psychologists and graphologists of how characteristics ascribed to the PM on the basis of the doodles, such as 'struggling to concentrate' and 'not a natural leader', equally apply to Mr Gates.
Cathy Moore (George Fischer), Theresa Kelly (Reed Smith), Deborah Manzoori (Deloitte Touche); Cecile Simon, Jaguar Cars; Anna Bailey, Reed Smith; Valentina Macchi, Jaguar Cars; Catherine Fisher, British American Business Council in the Midlands; Diane Smith, PricewaterhouseCoopers; Josie Mander, RBOS; Diane Simpson; Katherine Campbell, RS; Elaine Rowlands, PCMS Group plc; Author and graphologist, Diane Simpson
The Record turned examples of their writing over to top graphologist Jane Molineux and asked her to cast her eagle eye on some of the handwritten lyrics on view for the first time in Inspirations.
The handwritten letter has held great importance throughout history," says Graphologist Arlyn Imberman.
Analyzing handwriting is like solving a mystery to Chessa Roth, certified graphologist.
Erik Rees, a graphologist who has been observing the star's writing for 30 years is of the opinion that the play suggests that the legends dealt with "split personality".
The analysis was carried out by graphologist Elaine Quigley after a survey of 1,200 players at 16 clubs in the Top Ten Bingo group.
a graphologist specializing in personality analysis and evaluation of handwriting samples for businesses nationwide.
15 (ANI): Well known British graphologist Elaine Quigley has revealed some of Prime Minister Gordon Brown's peculiar habits through his writing style.
Elaine Quigley, a former chairman of the British Institute of Graphologists and editor of The Graphologist, said each signature was unique and contained hidden information about the person it belongs to, something which she believes technology will never be able to replicate.