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Related to grassland: grassland climate, Grassland ecosystem


land, such as a prairie, on which grass predominates



land occupied by vegetation used for making hay, senazh (a preserved feed made from sun-dried grasses), silage, and grass meal and for grazing livestock. It includes natural hayfields and pastures (also woodland and improved pastures), deer pastures, idle field temporarily used for forage purposes, and land covered with scrub or bogs, as well as cultivated pastures. In the USSR in 1971 hayfields covered 46.5 million hectares (ha), pastures 328 million ha, deer pastures about 343 million ha, idle fields 3.2 million ha, woodland hay-fields and pastures about 20 million ha, improved hayfields and pastures more than 9 million ha, and cultivated pastures about 1.5 million ha. Most of the hay and pasture fodder is obtained from natural grassland, although it is often low in productivity and requires improvement (cultivation). Cultivated hayfields and pastures produce high yields of good-quality forage.

In foreign countries where livestock raising is well developed, such as Denmark, the Netherlands, the Federal Republic of Germany, and the German Democratic Republic, all farmland is cultivated and used to produce the fodder needed. The natural grasslands of some European countries are mountain pastures (Switzerland, Austria, France) or areas covered with scrub and small forests (Finland, Sweden, Norway). There are extensive grasslands in Canada, the United States (prairie), Latin America, and the tropics (savanna).


Senokosy ipastbishcha. Edited by I. V. Larin. Moscow-Leningrad, 1969.


Any area of herbaceous terrestrial vegetation dominated by grasses and graminoid species.
References in periodicals archive ?
Steve said: "The unique grassland communities of the Whin Sill and the river shingles of the Tyne are two of Northumberland's most sensitive and scarce habitats, something we have a special responsibility for but which few people know much about.
Anyone involved with Clwyd Grassland Society - currently inactive - is also welcome at Bala.
Therefore, the size of the patches of natural grassland as well as the conservation condition of the habitat surrounding the fragment amid crops can influence the occurrence and density of many bird species (Johnson 2001.
She has been a long-standing dedicated member of BGS, including serving as a Trustee for a number of years, and has a passion for working with livestock farmers and all things grassland.
Trust chief executive Rob Stoneman said: "One of the main reasons behind this 70% decline is the widespread loss of grassland habitat and natural nesting sites.
ISLAMABAD -- A new study has found that fertilizer could be too much of a good thing for the world's grasslands.
Narat Grassland Resort, enjoying its name of one of the world's top four river valley grasslands in the world, is also rated as the "Grassland in the Space" by its densely-distributed mountainous springs and luxuriant forest.
The fences break up the habitat for native wildlife and hamper their movement across the varying grassland regions.
Another three grassland fires were also reported in other areas of the league, which were all extinguished by Saturday.
Today all semi-natural calcareous grassland types are rare in Latvia, and are therefore protected both by national and European legislative acts.
Eastern Bluebird Nesting-box Trail: In chilly late March, the installation of an Eastern Bluebird nesting box trail began in the lower grassland meadow.
A spreading grassland fire in a mountainous Tibetan