gravitational potential

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Related to gravitational potential: gravitational potential energy

See gravitation.

Gravitational Potential

a potential of force of gravitational attraction. The partial derivatives of gravitational potential with respect to given directions are equal to the components of force of attraction in those directions. The use of gravitational potential at times simplifies the study of force-field properties. This use is based on the fact that gravitational potential, being a scalar quantity, requires for its definition only the magnitudes, whereas the establishment of a force requires also the knowledge of its direction.

gravitational potential

[‚grav·ə′tā·shən·əl pə′ten·chəl]
(mechanics)
The amount of work which must be done against gravitational forces to move a particle of unit mass to a specified position from a reference position, usually a point at infinity.
References in periodicals archive ?
We apply the SALI method in the study of stellar orbits immersed in a gravitational potential of barred galaxies, once the movement of a test particle in a rotating three-dimensional model of a barred galaxy is given by the Hamiltonian:
We hope to demonstrate that applying in addition a concept of retarded gravitational potential of the universe in the spirit of Mach's principle can somewhat help to explain the properties of the locally empty space.
Gravitational potential measures the work needed to move against gravity from one place to another, she says.
Evaporation is here made visible by replacing the molecules with small metal balls and the electric potential well with a gravitational potential well.
Mechanical energy causes the center of mass to vault over the stance leg which is consequently converted into gravitational potential energy and a fraction of this is recovered by the pendulum mechanism of walking.
This is where the most suitable experimental conditions are found because of the large gradient in the gravitational potential.
The Newtonian gravitational potential of a thick disk can be obtained by a simple procedure such as, the displace, cut, fill and reflect method, presented by (Gonzalez & Letelier, 2004), and then expanded by (Vogt & Letelier, 2005), both cases they were based on known of displace, cut, reflect method, considered of (Kuzmin, 1956).
We will start with the expression for the gravitational potential (1), symbolically rewritten as
He said that the centuries of tectonic motion that produced the accumulation of strain energy in the Earth's lithosphere also caused the plates to move vertically - causing gravitational potential energy to build up too.
the gravitational potential energy that can be extracted from the weight.
The event is also characterized by substantial energy exchanges, particularly between the kinetic and gravitational potential energy of the athlete and the strain energy in the pole.
c], [gamma], T, and p denote the gravitational potential, gravitational constant, thermal conductivity, gas constant, velocity of light, density of ionized component, density of neutral components ([rho] >> [[rho].

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