gravitational potential


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Related to gravitational potential: gravitational potential energy

gravitational potential

See gravitation.

Gravitational Potential

 

a potential of force of gravitational attraction. The partial derivatives of gravitational potential with respect to given directions are equal to the components of force of attraction in those directions. The use of gravitational potential at times simplifies the study of force-field properties. This use is based on the fact that gravitational potential, being a scalar quantity, requires for its definition only the magnitudes, whereas the establishment of a force requires also the knowledge of its direction.

gravitational potential

[‚grav·ə′tā·shən·əl pə′ten·chəl]
(mechanics)
The amount of work which must be done against gravitational forces to move a particle of unit mass to a specified position from a reference position, usually a point at infinity.
References in periodicals archive ?
This equation is Poisson's equation for a newtonian gravitational potential.
He said that the centuries of tectonic motion that produced the accumulation of strain energy in the Earth's lithosphere also caused the plates to move vertically - causing gravitational potential energy to build up too.
The energy variables that were investigated were the kinetic energy, gravitational potential energy, and total mechanical energy of the athlete.
The perturbations in fluid velocity, fluid pressure, fluid density, magnetic field, gravitational potential, temperature and the radiative heat-loss function are given as [?
In contrast to the IP model, the SLIP model predicts that forward kinetic and gravitational potential energy fluctuate in phase.
Experiments with this systems are interesting because the system operates inside the gravitational field of the earth, and the total mechanical energy, potential system may consist of three different forms of energy, namely gravitational potential energy, potential energy stored in the spring, and kinetic energy.
One can control the passage of time by controlling the gravitational potential, perhaps by enclosing the system in a massive spherical shell and then altering the shellhs radius.
To probe the granularity of the Milky Way gravitational potential we will discover, measure and identify progenitors of, new Milky Way stellar tidal streams, both using the data from all-sky imaging and spectroscopic surveys and by conducting our own observational campaign.
The effect as the radius of the shrinking star approaches and attains the Schwarzschild radius is to change this linear gravitational potential into a hyperbolic gravitational field, asymptotic to infinity at [R.
The faint radio waves from these galaxies were magnified by the gravitational potential of other galaxies-one that lie between us and the distant galaxies.
As the train climbs, it gains gravitational potential energy.
If the pulsar is influenced by nearby stars rather than the central gravitational potential, then in about two years we should see the effect," Wolszczan says.