mung bean

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mung bean

an E Asian bean plant, Phaseolus aureus, grown for forage and as the source of bean sprouts used in oriental cookery

Mung Bean

 

(Phaseolus aureus), a species of annual herbaceous plants of the Phaseolus genus of the Leguminosae (pea) family. It originated from the wild species P. sublobatus. There are three subspecies—ssp. indicus, ssp. chinensis, and ssp. Iranicus.

The mung bean is 25-100 cm tall and very hairy, with a ramose stem that is erect, decumbent, or procumbent, and a taproot. The leaves are alternate, trifoliolate, and green. The flowers are golden yellow, growing in short racemes. The pods (beans) are narrow and cylindrical; they may be straight or curved, are 8-15 cm long, and contain seven to ten seeds. The ripe pods are nearly black. The seeds are rounded and cylindrical or barrel-shaped and may be green, yellow, or brown; 1,000 seeds weigh 25-80 g. The growing period for early ripening varieties in the USSR (such as Pobeda 104) is 80-100 days. The plants are heat- and moisture-loving. The seeds contain 24-28 percent protein, 46-50 percent starch, 2-4 percent oil, and vitamins. Mung beans are used as food in the form of groats, and the green beans and blanched sprouts are used as vegetables. The foliage is dried, ensiled, and plowed under as green manure; the straw and chaff are fed to livestock.

The mung bean is native to Southwest Asia, where it was first cultivated 5,000-6,000 years ago. Currently it is grown in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Burma, China, Vietnam, Japan, and elsewhere. In the USSR it is grown in Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasia, and southern Kazakhstan (in small fields), using irrigation; it is planted in the spring or after the harvest. The seed yield of the mung bean is 10-16 centners per hectare; the foliage yield, up to 200 centners per hectare.

N. R. IVANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
In order to determine the effect of seed size (small, medium and large) on germination percentage in green gram seed's, an experiment was conducted in 2011 at Laboratory Sciences, Islamic Azad University Shahr-e-Qods Branch by a completely randomized design with three replications and the first, seed viability was determined by Tetrazolium test method.
5 mm while for the South Peninsula, where pigeon pea, green gram, black gram, rice, sunflower, jowar and groundnut is cultivated, rains are likely to be 93 per cent of the LPA of 715.
Spring green gram should be watered for the first time after 3 to 4 weeks of its sowing, they added.
maculatus, was investigated on cowpeas, green gram (Vigna radiate) and adzuki beans (Phaseolus angularis [Vigna angularis]) by [49].
the cowpea weevils were reared on chickpea, cowpea, lentil and green gram in a growth chamber at temperature of 25 [+ or -] 1 [degrees]C, relative humidity of 60 [+ or -] 5 % and a photoperiod L 16: D 8 h.
5 cm height) containing chickpea, cowpea lentil and green gram.
maculatus reared on green gram was significantly higher than that laid by females reared on cowpea, chickpea and lentil (F=20.
maculatus on cowpea, lentil, chickpea and green gram were 0.
99 eggs per female on chickpea and green gram, respectively, whereas in studies by [11,47] the longest fecundity of this weevil was found on cowpea.
maculatus has been obtained on green gram and cowpea by [6].
Similarly, in the case of black gram and green gram, while the national average is 4.
Additionally, it will help in the production of sunflower, green grams, chick peas, soya beans, and sorghum.