pea

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Related to green pea: green pea soup

pea,

hardy, annual, climbing leguminous plant (Pisum sativum) of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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 family), grown for food by humans at least since the early Bronze Age; no longer known in the wild form. It is cultivated everywhere in home gardens and on a large scale commercially for freezing or canning. The round seed, borne in a pod, is a highly nutritious food, having a high protein and fiber content. The pod, too, of the varieties known as sugar peas, can be eaten, and the whole plant is grown for forage; the vines of garden varieties are also used for feeding stock. In New England many gardeners plant them on Apr. 19, the anniversary of the battle of Lexington—hoping to have their first peas by the Fourth of July, when according to traditional use they accompany salmon on the menu. Split peas are obtained from the field pea (var. arvense), grown also for forage and as a green manure. About three quarters of the total world crop of the field pea variety is grown in China; much is used for stock feed. It is believed that peas were long grown only for use as pea meal, dried peas, or forage. Using peas as a green table vegetable began in the late Middle Ages, and the garden varieties were developed subsequently. The garden pea is renowned as the plant with which Gregor Mendel conducted the experiments that initiated the science of genetics. The chickpeachickpea,
annual plant (Cicer arietinum) of the family Leguminosae (pulse family), cultivated since antiquity for the somewhat pealike seeds, which are often used as food and forage, principally in India and the Spanish-speaking countries.
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 and the sweet peasweet pea,
annual climbing plant (Lathyrus odoratus) of the family Leguminosae (pulse family), a legume native to S Europe but, since its introduction to horticulture c.1700, widely cultivated for its fragrant flowers.
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 belong to different genera. Peas are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.

pea

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(botany)
Pisum sativum. The garden pea, an annual leafy leguminous vine cultivated for its smooth or wrinkled, round edible seeds which are borne in dehiscent pods.
Any of several related or similar cultivated plants.

pea

1. an annual climbing leguminous plant, Pisum sativum, with small white flowers and long green pods containing edible green seeds: cultivated in temperate regions
2. 
a. the seed of this plant, eaten as a vegetable
b. (as modifier): #5pea soup
3. any of several other leguminous plants, such as the sweet pea, chickpea, and cowpea
References in periodicals archive ?
A Royal chicken and green pea curry Serves 4 | 8 chicken thighs | 200g frozen garden peas | 2 red onions, thinly sliced | 1 red pepper, sliced | 5 cloves garlic, minced | 1/2 inch ginger, grated | 2 tsp garam masala | 1 tsp turmeric | 1 tsp cumin powder | 1 tsp cumin powder | 100g fresh coriander, chopped | 4 green chillies, sliced | 10 fresh curry leaves | 1 cinnamon stick | 400ml chicken stock | 2 large tomatoes, finely chopped | Salt/pepper to taste | 2 tbsp cooking oil Method | Pour the cooking oil in a large saucepan and place over a medium flame.
The researchers focused on six of the most intensely star-forming Green Pea galaxies, which are between one billion and five billion light-years away.
Green Pea Cafe spokesman Gareth Edwards said: "We're already getting great feedback and hopefully as more people get to know about us the word will spread that we are here, offering good fresh locally sourced food.
For the scallops: 2 boudin noir (black pudding - see picture); 30g butter; 6 scallops (see tip); a little olive oil; 150g green pea puree
The varieties comprise - Tapioca julienne, rice julienne, julienne, yellow pea, tomato, tapioca crab, mulligatawny, mock turtle, green pea, tapioca, lentil, curry &c.
Production was lower than a year ago for each crop, with green pea output down the most (29%).
A generous dollop of mash with a tasty green pea sauce gives the dish an unusual look and I'd have another accompaniment, too - a fresh tomato and basil salad with crusty French bread.
The sensational scenery that included a twelve-mattress-high bed, scaled with gusto by Ponomarenko, and a beautiful painted drop of succulent green pea pods punctuated by red butterflies, was designed by Michael Anania.
This year's pack will include Green Pea Soda, Sweet Potato Soda, Dinner Roll Soda, Turkey and Gravy Soda, and Antacid Soda.
Readers will also find internationally inspired recipes such as Russian Eggplant and Shiitake Pockets, Green Pea Falafel with Tahini Sauce, Szechuan Green Beans, Broccoli Pad Thai, Butternut Squash Curry with Jasmine Rice, and Japanese Yam Gnocchi with Miso-Scallion Sauce.
The Duchy Originals brands includes Green Pea and Ham; Spinach and Nutmeg; Chestnut Mushroom; Roasted Vegetable; Celeriac, Bacon and Leek; and Tomato and Rosemary.
The next course will be roast stuffed pork with apricot sauce, with green pea and honey puree and braised cabbage with juniper berries.