greenstone


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Related to greenstone: Greenstone belt

greenstone

1. any basic igneous rock that is dark green because of the presence of chlorite, actinolite, or epidote
2. a variety of jade used in New Zealand for ornaments and tools

Greenstone

 

the name given to igneous rocks that have undergone regional metamorphism at low temperatures and whose color is determined by the high content of green minerals (chlorite, amphibole) formed out of primary magmatic minerals and glass. Mainly volcanic and, less often intrusive rocks that are basic, intermediate, and sometimes acid (rhyolite) in composition and that are formed in folded regions are altered into greenstone. In regions where greenstone is wide-spread, such as the Urals and the state of Nevada in the USA, it serves as an indicator of pyrite deposits.

REFERENCES

Winkler, H. Genezis metamorficheskikh porod. Moscow, 1969. (Translated from German.)
Marakushev, A. A.Problemy mineral’nykhfatsii metamorficheskikh i metasomaticheskikh gornykh porod. Moscow, 1965.

greenstone

[′grēn‚stōn]
(mineralogy)
(petrology)
Any altered basic igneous rock which is green due to the presence of chlorite, hornblende, or epidote.

greenstone

A basic igneous rock having a green color due to iron-bearing silicate minerals; quarried and fabricated for structural and decorative dimension stone.
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