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History an English silver coin worth four pennies, taken out of circulation in the 17th century



(Russian grosh, Polish grosz, German Groschen; from Latin denarius grossus, a heavy coin), a coin of various periods and countries.

Coinage of the groat began in Italy in the 12th century and in many other European countries in the 13th and 14th. Initially it was a large silver coin. In the 14th and 15th centuries the weight of the groat and the quality of its metal declined and it came to be used for small change.

In Russia coinage of the grosh was started in 1654. In the 17th and 18th centuries copper groshi worth 2 kopeks were in circulation; in the 19th century the grosh came to be called a half kopek. The groat is a present-day coin of Poland and Austria: the Polish grosz equals 1/100 of a zloty (there are 50-, 20-, 10-, 5-, and 1-grosz coins in circulation), and the Austrian Groschen equals 1/100 of a Schilling (with 50-, 20-, 10-, 2-, and 1-Groschen coins in circulation). Figuratively the term “groat” is used to mean a paltry sum.

References in periodicals archive ?
Groats can be downloaded online or collected from local tourism businesses in and around the National Park, which straddles West Somerset and North Devon.
For other questions, please contact GSA's Jane Groat, (202) 501-4318, jane.
OhSo is next door to Blackie Boy in the Groat Market.
Groat currently serves as the Director of the Center for International Energy and Environmental Policy and as the Director of the Energy and Mineral Resources Graduate Program at the University of Texas at Austin.
Usually, they're not in good shape when they come in, but you can bet they are in great shape when they leave,'' Groat said.
Yes, you knew where you were with a groat alright, and don't talk to me about these new-fangled yards either, because I only understand old-fangled measurements like rods, poles, and perches.
Jim Groat, director of Cenprime, said the market had been running at a loss for some time and that the closure had now become unavoidable.
Ken Groat, Tjornborn Riise and Stewart Hunter now face an inquiry by council bosses on Shetland.
uk or post to: The Editor, The Chronicle, Groat Market, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, NE1 1ED and, once verified, we will correct it as soon as possible.
uk/buyaphoto The Chronicle, Groat Market, Newcastle upon Tyne.
50 p&p When ordering a book in our reception, you will receive a FREE copy of Taste of Cumbria book, while stocks last To order a copy Call into our Front Reception, The Chronicle, Groat Market, Newcastle, NE1 1ED.