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Related to grove: dictionary, Bohemian Grove


a small wooded area or plantation


(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

A term equivalent in many ways to the word "coven," and used by various Pagans.

In the early 1960s in America, there were few visible Witchcraft covens, which made it difficult for many people who were drawn to the religion to actually make contact and become initiated. In 1967, Ed Fitch (a member of the original Gardnerian coven in New York that was started in 1964 by Rosemary and Raymond Buckland) authored The Pagan Way to serve as an "Outer Court" system through which anyone could become involved in Paganism. With the book, they could perform rituals and follow the cycle of the Wiccan year until they were really taken into an actual Wiccan coven. The groups under this system were originally termed "Groves."

Fitch based his idea of an Outer Court on a concept put forward by Dion For- tune in her novels. Fitch's writings later developed into a whole "Grimoire of Shadows" that was adopted as a true Wiccan path by many groups that were, at the time, using the term coven as a group name. The word Grove has come to be used by a wide variety of neo-Pagans today, both as a group name and in reference to a meeting place or temple.

References in classic literature ?
I never yet saw a squire," said he of the Grove, "who ventured to speak when his master was speaking; at least, there is mine, who is as big as his father, and it cannot be proved that he has ever opened his lips when I am speaking.
The squire of the Grove took Sancho by the arm, saying to him, "Let us two go where we can talk in squire style as much as we please, and leave these gentlemen our masters to fight it out over the story of their loves; and, depend upon it, daybreak will find them at it without having made an end of it.
He took his arm from Hetty's waist, and said, "Here we are, almost at the end of the Grove.
He walked right on into the Chase, glad to get out of the Grove, which surely was haunted by his evil genius.
A white strip of birch bark blowing up from the hollow over the brown floor of the grove made her heart stand still.
382-387) Thus spoke the lord, far-working Apollo, and pushed over upon her a crag with a shower of rocks, hiding her streams: and he made himself an altar in a wooded grove very near the clear-flowing stream.
Yet if you will but dare to sware a great oath, goddess, that here first he will build a glorious temple to be an oracle for men, then let him afterwards make temples and wooded groves amongst all men; for surely he will be greatly renowned.
Many are your temples and wooded groves, and all peaks and towering bluffs of lofty mountains and rivers flowing to the sea are dear to you, Phoebus, yet in Delos do you most delight your heart; for there the long robed Ionians gather in your honour with their children and shy wives: mindful, they delight you with boxing and dancing and song, so often as they hold their gathering.
He explained his absence by saying that he had a headache and went out into the fresh air, but had gone no further than the oak grove.
With these words, the speaker tapped himself on the waistcoat to intimate that he was the Jem Groves so highly eulogized; sparred scientifically at a counterfeit Jem Groves, who was sparring at society in general from a black frame over the chimney-piece; and, applying a half-emptied glass of spirits and water to his lips, drank Jem Groves's health.
It seemed as if somebody on the other side of this screen had been insinuating doubts of Mr Groves's prowess, and had thereby given rise to these egotistical expressions, for Mr Groves wound up his defiance by giving a loud knock upon it with his knuckles and pausing for a reply from the other side.
There an't many men,' said Mr Groves, no answer being returned,