guanaco

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Related to guanacos: Lama guanicoe

guanaco

(gwänä`kō) or

huanaco

(hwän`äko), wild mammal of the camelcamel,
ruminant mammal of the family Camelidae. The family consists of three genera, the true camels of Asia (genus Camelus); the wild guanaco and the domesticated alpaca and llama, all of South America (genus Lama
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 family, Lama guanicoe, found on arid plains in the Andes Mts. It is about 3 1-2 ft (105 cm) high at the shoulder, with a long neck; it is brown on the back and sides, with light underparts and a dark face. Although previously regarded by some authorities as the ancestor of the domestic llamallama
, South American domesticated ruminant mammal, Lama glama, of the camel family. Genetic studies indicate that it is descended from the guanaco. Smaller than the camel and lacking a hump, it somewhat resembles a large sheep with a long neck, camellike face, and long
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 and alpacaalpaca
, partially domesticated South American mammal, Lama pacos, of the camel family. Genetic studies show that it is a descendant of the vicuña. Although the flesh is sometimes used for food, the animal is bred chiefly for its long, lustrous wool, which varies
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, genetic studies show that only the llama is descended from it. The guanaco is not domesticated, but indigenous South Americans use its flesh for food and make its hide into clothing and other coverings and its bones into various implements. Encroachments on its grazing land have reduced its numbers. The guanaco is classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Camelidae.

Guanaco

 

(Lama guanicoe), a mammal of the genus Lama of the family Camelidae. It has a streamlined, slender body; the neck and extremities are long, the trunk shortened. The body measures 120–175 cm long; the height at the shoulder is 90–100 cm. The guanaco weighs 48–96 kg. Its body is covered with short (6–10 cm), brownish, wooly fur. The animal is found in the high-altitude arid semideserts of the Andes (up to 5,000 m) in South America. It is a polygamous herd animal. Mating occurs in midwinter; the female bears a single offspring after an 11-month gestation period. The guanaco feeds on grassy vegetation. It is hunted for its meat and hide, as a result of which its numbers have been sharply reduced.

References in periodicals archive ?
2010), and no report of this condition is known for the guanaco Lama guanicoe or in the other South American wild camelid, the vicugna Vicugna vicugna (Nowak and Paradiso, 1983; Redford and Eisenberg, 1992).
The guanaco is widely distributed and abundant in southern South America, although its populations have been reduced to 40% of their original geographical range since contact with Europeans (Franklin, 1982; Cunazza et al.
Our observation of a leucistic guanaco could suggest development of processes related to genetic drift and inbreeding.
Abundancia y distribucion del guanaco (Lama guanicoe), en el NE del Chubut, Patagonia Argentina.
Biology, ecology, and relationship to man of the South American camelids: the vicuna and the guanaco.
The couple had previously sold wool from their flock of sheep, but soon realised they could make much more from guanaco wool - which can fetch from pounds 250 to pounds 1,000 a kilo.
Toni Jastrzebski of Business Link said: "There is an international market for the fibres produced from the guanaco so we wish Karen and Roy every success in developing their herd.
We see the business benefiting the local economy in many ways - not least tourism as I believe the guanaco have generated a lot of interest among hill walkers.
Ms Ballington said: "Our new business is really a leap into the unknown and not for the fainthearted, but we realise that traditional farming in this tough landscape has to change to remain viable and we hope to expand our guanaco herd to keep Heathylee House Farm going.
Karen Ballington with her animals and one of the luxury shawls made from the guanaco fibre
There are policy prescriptions in the book that make great sense and could do much to avert the continued decline in wildlife: explore and develop the market for guanaco wool to allow wildlands "ranching" as an alternative to sheep farming on the steppes; expand the nascent ecotourism industry to demonstrate the high value of species currently considered nothing but pests by some of the locals; provide greater funding for surveillance and enforcement of existing protected areas, including Chile's flamingo reserve system and Argentina's national parks; and put into operation the well-conceived (thanks in large part to Conway himself) Coastal Zone Management Plan.
Just a few years ago, Forgach was in no hurry to invest in environmentally friendly schemes like the guanaco deal.