guard


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Related to guard: guardian, vanguard

guard

1. Brit the official in charge of a train
2. Sport an article of light tough material worn to protect any of various parts of the body
3. Basketball
a. the position of the two players in a team who play furthest from the basket
b. a player in this position
4. the posture of defence or readiness in fencing, boxing, cricket, etc.
5. take guard Cricket (of a batsman) to choose a position in front of the wicket to receive the bowling, esp by requesting the umpire to indicate his position relative to the stumps
6. give guard Cricket (of an umpire) to indicate such a position to a batsman

Guard

 

an armed detachment appointed to protect and defend military objectives or to render military honors.

In the Soviet armed forces there are garrison (camp) and interior (ship) guards and honor guards. Garrison and interior guards are composed of the commander of the guard, who may be an officer or a sergeant, depending on the importance of the object and the number of posts; privates of the guard, their number depending on the number of posts and shifts; and if necesssary a deputy commander and corporals of the guard. For the protection and defense of the military objects, sentries are assigned—armed soldiers (privates of the guard) directly in charge of the protection and defense of the posts entrusted to them.

Honor guards are appointed for the welcome at the garrison of the chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, the generalissimo of the Soviet Union, the minister of defense of the USSR, marshals of the Soviet Union, and admirals of the Fleet of the Soviet Union. Moreover, an honor guard may also be assigned to banners carried at formal sessions, the unveiling of state monuments, the welcome and escorting of representatives of foreign states, and the funerals of servicemen and of civilians who have rendered special services to the state. An honor guard is composed of infantry units from platoon to company level and a band. An honor guard may also be composed only of officers and sergeants.

I. I. ANDRONOV

guard

[gärd]
(engineering)
A shield or other fixture designed to protect against injury.
(mining engineering)
A support in front of a roll train to guide the bar into the groove.

guard

(programming)
1. In functional programming, a Boolean expression attached to a function definition specifying when (for what arguments) that definition is appropriate.

2. In (parallel) logic programming, a Boolean expression which is used to select a clause from several alternative matching clauses.

See Guarded Horn Clauses.

3. In parallel languages, a Boolean expression which specifies when an message may be sent or received.
References in classic literature ?
What's this about the idol keeping guard over the ancient city?
The scouts departed; strong guards preceded and followed the lumbering vehicles that bore the baggage; and before the gray light of the morning was mellowed by the rays of the sun, the main body of the combatants wheeled into column, and left the encampment with a show of high military bearing, that served to drown the slumbering apprehensions of many a novice, who was now about to make his first essay in arms.
He arrives, as you did, by the coach, under care of the guard, and is to be met by the same carriage.
Why, man, the corridors are in guard and keep of men-at-arms.
His was a most unroyal career, but the most pitiable spectacle in it was his sentimental treachery to his Swiss guard on that memorable 10th of August, when he allowed those heroes to be massacred in his cause, and forbade them to shed the "sacred French blood" purporting to be flowing in the veins of the red-capped mob of miscreants that was raging around the palace.
Reins and whip and coachman and guard, however, in combination, had read that article of war which forbade a purpose otherwise strongly in favour of the argument, that some brute animals are endued with Reason; and the team had capitulated and returned to their duty.
Nevertheless," replied Don Quixote, "I should like to know from each of them separately the reason of his misfortune;" to this he added more to the same effect to induce them to tell him what he wanted so civilly that the other mounted guard said to him:
My only duty was to guard the ruler and keep out of sight as much as possible.
They reached the walls about half-past twelve, without having met anyone; here there was no guard, nor were there either windows or doors.
When you please, monsieur," said Athos, putting himself on guard.
They wished only to be allowed to fall on their knees before their sovereign, and that they might move her to compassion; but they were prevented by the royal guard and the queen proceeded on her way, haughtily disdainful of their entreaties.
To-night," I thought, and was just about to voice my decision to Xodar, when, without warning, the door of our prison opened and a guard stepped in.