guild

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guild

, gild
1. (esp in medieval Europe) an association of men sharing the same interests, such as merchants or artisans: formed for mutual aid and protection and to maintain craft standards or pursue some other purpose such as communal worship
2. Ecology a group of plants, such as a group of epiphytes, that share certain habits or characteristics

Guild

A group of species that utilize the same kinds of resources, such as food, nesting sites, or places to live, in a similar manner. Emphasis is on ecologically associated groups that are most likely to compete because of similarity in ecological niches, even though species can be taxonomically unrelated. The term was derived from the guild in human society composed of people engaged in an activity or trade held in common.

The guild concept focuses attention on the ways in which ecologically related species differ enough to permit coexistence, or avoid competitive displacement. For example, new places to live for some plants are provided by badger mounds in dense tall-grass prairie vegetation.

The guild is also commonly used as the smallest unit in an ecosystem in studies relating to environmental impact, wildlife management, and habitat classification. A representative species of a guild may be selected for study involving the uncertain assumption that environmental impact will influence this species in the same way as other guild members. See Ecosystem

guild

an association of craft workers, especially in preindustrial societies, formed to provide mutual aid and to control craft standards and entry into the trade (a form of SOCIAL CLOSURE). Compare PROFESSION, TRADE UNION.

guild

[gild]
(ecology)
A group of species that utilize the same kinds of resources, such as food, nesting sites, or places to live, in a similar manner.
References in periodicals archive ?
The families were probably known to the guildsmen in power.
When craftsmen in Japan made katabira for ninjas and the guildsmen of Europe forged chainmail for knights, they were unaware that their armor reflected an ancient biological design used by bacterial viruses.
Traditionally, they were presented for three days around the festival of Corpus Christi and enacted by guildsmen and craftsmen in improvised settings.
In Italian towns, prominent families, clans, factions, tower societies, guildsmen, youth abbeys, and minorities, such as Jews and foreigners, fought or negotiated for their own spatial autonomy and distinctive place in the community.
40) from the highest to the lowest with a fundamental division between nobles or gentils and commons, that is, between the Knight to the Franklin on the one hand and the Five Guildsmen to the Pardoner on the other.