hacienda


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hacienda

in Spain or Spanish-speaking countries
the main house on such a ranch or plantation

Hacienda

A large estate or ranch in areas once under Spanish influence; now the main house on such an estate.

hacienda

a large landed estate in Latin America worked by various forms of unfree labour, generally with mixed farming production for subsistence, a local or regional market, and for the consumption of the owner, the hacendado. This was one of the main ways in which agricultural production was organized in colonial Latin America until the 19th century, and in some cases into the 20th. For example, from the early 17th century in New Spain, now Mexico, the hacienda was ‘a permanently inhabited territorial area, with both fallow and cultivated lands, granaries in which the products of the harvest were kept, houses for the owners and their managers, shacks for the workers, small craft workshops, and toolsheds’ (Florescano, 1987). There livestock was raised and crops grown for mines and provincial towns. A variety of means of ensuring a labour supply were used, one of the most common being DEBT PEONAGE. Important for the organization and economic decisions within the hacienda were the political and status aspirations and consumption requirements of the hacendado. Haciendas were distinguished from PLANTATIONS in as much as the latter produced one crop, generally for export and often with corporate, rather than personal, forms of ownership.

FRANK (1969) has argued that haciendas were capitalist because they produced for the market. However, the absence of free wage labour and the low levels of capital accumulation have led most observers to argue against this. Production for the market is not a sufficient criterion for being called capitalist. Some observers use the term ‘semi-feudal’ as a general description. The hacienda began to change in the 19th-century, after independence, through political interventions to establish free labour and with growing capitalist developments in agriculture. Duncan and Rutledge (1977) provide one useful summary of the variety of changes which took place: some haciendas were broken up by land reform, others became capitalist estates or plantations, but in some areas the hacienda persisted up until the mid-20th century.

Hacienda

 

a large estate in a number of Latin American countries (called estancia in Argentina, Chile, and several other countries). Haciendas arose with the seizure of the lands of the native population by Spanish colonizers. By the late 16th and early 17th centuries, haciendas had in reality turned into hereditary estates of a feudal type to which the Indians were bound. Although nominally considered personally free, the Indians were obliged to work for the landowners and, in effect, were wholly dependent upon them. Even at the present time the hacienda is the predominant type of large-scale ownership of land in most Latin American countries.

REFERENCE

Al’perovich, M. S. “O kharaktere i formakh ekspluatatsii indeitsev v amerikanskikh koloniiakh Ispanii (XVI-XVIII veka).” Novaia i noveishaia istoriia, 1957, no. 2.

hacienda

1. A large estate in North and South American areas once under Spanish influence.
2. The main house on such an estate or ranch.
References in periodicals archive ?
We want to thank the Westborough Country Club for putting this program together for such a great cause," said Alex Rodriguez, owner of Hacienda Mexican Restaurant.
In 2012, the Supreme Court ordered the DAR to segregate from Hacienda Luisita the 500 ha that was covered by the conversion order in August 1996.
Unassuming as the Hacienda Alsacia may seem, the coffee brings in something equally precious as the recently released 20th Anniversary bejewelled mugs and tumblers collection this Christmas: the brand's commitment to help farmers sustain their livelihood and vocation.
Hicieron una maquinacion para poner la hacienda a su nombre", se lamenta Uribe Ahuja, sentado en su silla de ruedas, en una amplia terraza que mira a un jardin arbolado de su propiedad.
Places like the Hacienda operated at full capacity, with most of their nights selling out.
En terminos historiograficos, consideramos que el estudio de este cometido no ha mostrado aspectos claves para su comprension como serian el contenido global y el fin ultimo que esperaban obtener las autoridades con esta iniciativa, las continuidades y rupturas que conllevaba en relacion con los libros de la razon general de Real Hacienda previstos en las Leyes de Indias (1680), el alcance implicito que tenia en terminos de autoridades y territorios afectados, el conflictivo proceso que desato entre las diversas instancias del Erario de Nueva Espana, asi como su fracaso ultimo, que derivo en la realizacion de una obra inconclusa (4).
Major organization : GENERALITAT VALENCIANA, CONSELLERIA DE HACIENDA Y MODELO ECONMICO
Following great critical acclaim and phenomenal demand FAC 51 The Hacienda and Manchester Camerata - the city's experimental orchestra - are bringing back Hacienda Classical in 2017 with a brand new soundtrack in what will be their first Newcastle appearance on Friday, August 4.
On Saturday, December 17, Hacienda Classical teams up with the RTE Concert Orchestra to recreate the Acid House hits of a long-demolished Manchester club.
En este contexto, "La Hacienda real de la Nueva Planta" utiliza el proceso a Fernando Verdes Montenegro, Tesorero Mayor de Hacienda (entre 1721 y 24) y luego Secretario de Despacho de Hacienda (entre febrero y octubre de 1721), como punto de partida para analizar algunas de las reformas hacendisticas desarrolladas durante la primera mitad del gobierno de Felipe V y el breve reinado de su hijo, Luis I.
Hacienda Classical sees the 70-piece live orchestra Manchester Camerata playing music like Someday by Ce Ce Rogers, T Coy's Carino, 808 State's Pacific State, Ride on Time and other club tunes from "the two summers of love, 1988 and 1989".
Como se sabe, todos los anos el Ejecutivo, a traves de la Secretaria de Hacienda, presenta un proyecto de presupuesto, que es discutido y modificado por la Camara de Diputados y una vez aprobada la version final, Hacienda tiene la obligacion de ejercerlo tal y como quedo aprobado.