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The filtering of toxic solutes and excess fluid from the blood via an external membranous coil placed between the blood and a rinsing solution.



a method of extrarenal purification of the blood in acute and chronic renal insufficiency. During dialysis, toxic metabolic products are removed from the body, and the impaired water and electrolyte balances are normalized. Dialysis is effected by exchange transfusion of blood (simultaneous massive bloodletting with transfusion of the same amount of whole blood), by washing the peritoneum with a salt solution (peritoneal dialysis), and by washing the intestinal mucosa with moderately hypertonic solutions (intestinal dialysis). Use of an artificial kidney is the most effective method of dialysis.


References in periodicals archive ?
Haemodialysis is a life-saving treatment delivered to an estimated 2 million people with ESRD globally-with this figure expected to double in the next decade.
At present, haemodialysis is primarily provided by specialist clinics and centres.
This will be a replacement programme for Haemodialysis machines, potential suppliers will need to provide equipment which will have the following: