Hemodialysis(redirected from haemodialysis)
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a method of extrarenal purification of the blood in acute and chronic renal insufficiency. During dialysis, toxic metabolic products are removed from the body, and the impaired water and electrolyte balances are normalized. Dialysis is effected by exchange transfusion of blood (simultaneous massive bloodletting with transfusion of the same amount of whole blood), by washing the peritoneum with a salt solution (peritoneal dialysis), and by washing the intestinal mucosa with moderately hypertonic solutions (intestinal dialysis). Use of an artificial kidney is the most effective method of dialysis.
A. P. RZHANOVICH