Hemodialysis

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hemodialysis

[‚hē·mō·di′al·ə·səs]
(medicine)
The filtering of toxic solutes and excess fluid from the blood via an external membranous coil placed between the blood and a rinsing solution.

Hemodialysis

 

a method of extrarenal purification of the blood in acute and chronic renal insufficiency. During dialysis, toxic metabolic products are removed from the body, and the impaired water and electrolyte balances are normalized. Dialysis is effected by exchange transfusion of blood (simultaneous massive bloodletting with transfusion of the same amount of whole blood), by washing the peritoneum with a salt solution (peritoneal dialysis), and by washing the intestinal mucosa with moderately hypertonic solutions (intestinal dialysis). Use of an artificial kidney is the most effective method of dialysis.

A. P. RZHANOVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
1], [21], [11], [26], [17] This low prevalence can be attributed to the fact that the risk of acquiring HCV infection in haemodialysis units has decreased partially after the isolation of HCV positive patients in separated haemodialysis units.
The mean duration of haemodialysis was two years compared to other studies which showed higher mean duration of six years by Mohammed Ali et al and 7.
We present here a case study of a 65-year-old gentleman with ESRD as a result of diabetic nephropathy who commenced haemodialysis in 2004 via an AVG, which was placed in the first instance due to poor native arm veins.
Our principal philosophy regarding accessing long-term lines for haemodialysis is that the CVC is the patient's lifeline and must be treated with utmost respect.
Haemodialysis was performed 24 hours later and continued regularly 3 times a week.
Of 78 patients haemodialysed at Addington Hospital's haemodialysis unit from 2002 to 2007, 7 patients had a total of 9 IVC catheters following failure to obtain a functioning AV fistula or a femoral, subclavian or jugular catheterisation.
Haemodialysis machines with HDF capability for clinic based treatment Haemodialysis machines designed for home haemodialysis environment.
DISCUSSION: Hepatitis B and C infections continue to be a serious problem in chronic haemodialysis patients.
A recent study by Kosaraju et al highlights the duration of dialysis as an important risk factor for infection among haemodialysis patients.
We should be advocating and promoting these therapies and be acknowledging not only these benefits, but the awareness that home haemodialysis is cheaper than current in-centre treatments and less demanding on precious nursing and medical resources.
Nocturnal haemodialysis: An Australian cost comparison with conventional satellite haemodialysis.
Problems experienced by haemodialysis patients in Greece.