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arranging of the hair for decorative, ceremonial, or symbolic reasons. Primitive men plastered their hair with clay and tied trophies and badges into it to represent their feats and qualities. Among women, a band to keep the hair from the eyes was the forerunner of the fillet. Much early hairdressing is traditional, as in the feather tufts or stiffened coronet of some primitive peoples, the queue of the Chinese, the tonsure of ecclesiastics, the flowing locks of the maid, and the bound or cut tresses of the wife. From ancient times hair has been dyed, bleached, curled, braided, waxed and oiled, hennaed, powdered, perfumed, cut, shaved, enhanced with false hair, covered with a wigwig,
arrangement of artificial or human hair worn to conceal baldness, as a disguise, or as part of a costume, either theatrical, ceremonial, or fashionable. In ancient Egypt the wig was worn to protect the head from the sun; short-haired and in many tiers or long and thickly
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, concealed by nets and veils, or adorned with beads, jewels, pins, combs, feathers, ribbons, and flowers, natural and artificial. In the world of fashion, hairdressing developed as an art during the Middle Ages, when an appropriate coiffure became as important as the proper costume. Since that time, styles, especially for women, have been created and re-created, from long to short, from the high pompadour or use of chignons to the close bob, in a repetitive cycle. In the 1960s and 1970s hair styles for men in the United States and Western Europe changed dramatically from short fashions, popular since the late 18th cent., to varying degrees and styles of long hair, often accompanied by beards, moustaches, and long sideburns. Hairdressers, especially those employed by motion picture companies, have become personally renowned for the styles they create. During the 1980s styles such as cornrows, rattails, dreadlocks, and punk spikes migrated from their ethnic and cultural associations to mainstream culture. The most popular styles in the early 1990s were the chin-length bob for women and the fade for men.


See J. S. Cox, An Illustrated Dictionary of Hairdressing and Wigmaking (1984).

References in periodicals archive ?
As hairdressers, we never stop learning and learning from other stylists is really important.
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The thing you want to do when you go to the hairdresser is avoid doing what I once did.
Bosses Gary Hooker and Michael Young have also been nominated for British Hairdresser of the Year for an eighth time.
Part of the reason I hated the hairdresser was that I was forced to stare at my reflection for about an hour and a half.
The regional experience gained by hairdressers in Dubai can also be quite valuable in other parts of the world.
The plans will see hairdressers told not to let staff do too many haircuts in one day to prevent 'emotional collapses', the Daily Mail reported.
Lord Stevenson, chairman of the appointments commission, said new peers would have to be comfortable operating in the House of Lords, adding: 'You haven't got your hairdressers in this list.
Though his marketing team has been able to maneuver the products into the hands of Hollywood stylists - they boast hairdressers for ``Pirates of the Caribbean'' and ``Legally Blonde'' as clients - the products retain fairly low retail prices.
A TEENAGE Waterloo hairdresser has been crowned a winner of a prestigious national award.
E4 already did a hair contest in their 2011 series Great British Hairdresser for professional stylists.