28) However, Sifton believed the birthdate and residency limitations would "tend rather to disturb than to satisfy the Half-Breeds
, and would certainly cause them to so use their great influence with the Indians as to make it extremely difficult, if not impossible, to negotiate a Treaty.
This attitude reoccurs in the novel when April's mother-in-law observes that the Raintree sisters are "not Indians but half-breeds
, which is almost the same thing" (In Search 115).
Born with the terrible "gift" of being able to see the half-breed
demons and angels that walk the earth in human form, the tormented youngster was driven to take his own life (a Catholic sin that gets you a one-way ticket to Hell).
Look at all the famous half-breeds
that permeate the world's culture, literature and belief systems.
The local inhabitants describe us in their own languages as half-breeds
, half-casts, hybrids and even mongrels.
And these half-breeds
had a definable culture, with one foot in their aboriginal culture and one foot in the ways of their (most often) fur trader fathers.
They all made the trek into the coalfields for exactly the same reasons, and worked side by side in exactly the same conditions, and lived in the same terraces and fell in love with their neighbours and produced half-breeds
Jesus," the author states, "didn't get crucified for being exclusive; he was hated and crucified for the reverse -- for opening the windows of grace and the doors of heaven to the tax collectors and prostitutes, the half-breeds
and, ultimately, even Gentiles.
Black-on-black love is the new recipe for revolution, mulatto half-breeds
are tainted with the blood of the oppressor, and being down means proving how black you are, how willing to fight, how easily you can turn your back on those who have kept black folks enslaved for so long.
One group, known as the English half-breeds
, were mostly of Scottish and Indian mixture, English-speaking, and Protestant in religion.
There were vicious villains, who were usually half-breeds
This sort of operation, in the name of a nation-building civilization, meant the violent extermination of a host of populist forces and elements that were judged to be unassimilable to the centralist political system: ex-slaves, half-breeds
, and assorted blackguards and renegades whose banditry, hijacking, smuggling, bootlegging, prostitution/pandering, and other assorted activities provided livelihood for the unempowered, whose fragmented economic system was unsuitable for the liberalism that came to dominate in the region.