Hamadryas Baboon

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Hamadryas Baboon

 

(Papio hamadryas), a monkey of the genus of true baboons, the family Ceropithecidae, order of primates. Body length in males, 75-80 cm, with tails 53-60 cm long; weight, 20-30 kg. Weight of females, 10-15 kg. The coat is gray, without down, and the males develop a luxuriant, silver gray mantle. The females have brownish gray coats. The animals have well-developed, red ischial calluses. The muzzle is long and there are strong fangs and strongly developed cheek pouches.

The hamadryas baboon is found in Africa (eastern Ethiopia, eastern Sudan, and northern Somalia) and Asia (the Arabian Peninsula). It lives in open areas in the steppes and savannas, sleeping among rocks. It is omnivorous. A troop may consist of 40-80 members and sometimes as many as 200. The leaders are the strongest males. A family of hamadryas baboons contains one male and one to four females and their offspring. The gestation period is about 170 days. Life expectancy is 20-30 years. The hamadryas baboon is often kept in zoos and has been studied in laboratories and scientific institutes (for example, in the USSR at Sukhumi).

M. F. NESTURKH

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For example, the characteristic dry forest species Hamadryas amphichloe, Fountainea ryphea and Myscelia cyaniris showed much higher relative abundance on the ridge in comparison with the valley during drier months.
With the Taif Hamadryas baboons there is a four-level social system at the center of which is the harem, a male with two to 10 females.
See grey Phayre's leaf-monkey mothers in Thailand battling for the privilege to babysit bright orange newborns, encounter the violent disputes of a thousand hamadryas baboons and join chacma baboons shark egg hunting on the coast of South Africa.
Large armies of hamadryas baboons battle on the plains of Ethiopia to steal females and settle old scores, while Japanese macaques beat the cold by lounging in thermal springs.
00pm) Hamadryas baboons, Japanese macaques and capuchins are among the creatures explored as the focus turns to primates.
hamadryas papio) from Senegal (17); and Central African STLV-3 subtype C includes divergent strains (Cni217 and Cni227) from Cercopithecus nictitans monkeys from Cameroon (21).
Within the Awash National Park, oryx, hamadryas baboons and warthogs roam freely, whereas the pastoralists are forced to bring their animals in secretly during the night.
The chicken was intended as food for other animals in the zoo, but escaped and was sheltered by Mitis, a six-year-old Hamadryas Baboon.
He describes how aspects of social behavior are inherited, the daily life of a primate society of hamadryas baboons, general characteristics of those in Africa, Asia, and South America, and the terrestrial monkey species.
Group size in primates is often limited by scarcity of food and availability of safe sleeping quarters; hamadryas baboons (Papio hamadryas) break into small groups to forage but congregate by hundreds on a few cliffs at night, while patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) disperse to sleep individually in trees relatively inaccessible to predators (Kummer 1979).
In the August issue of the Journal of Virology, an international team headed by Ulrich Martin, MD of Hannover (Germany) Medical School described experiments demonstrating that human, gorilla, and Papio hamadryas baboon primary skin fibroblasts as well as baboon B-cell lines can be infected with PERV.
Some, like the hamadryas baboon of the Arabian peninsula, forage in deserts, while others, like Tibetan macaques, thrive on cold mountain slopes.