Therefore, rather than addressing the substantive nature of the Court's hands-off doctrine, the contributors to this Symposium focus on the normative and practical justifications for the Court's approach.
22) In an effort to respond to this question, Garnett engages in a thoughtful and admittedly provocative analysis of various justifications that have been offered for the hands-off approach:
24) Instead, building on his earlier work, (25) Garnett favors "the most ancient rationale of all" for the hands-off approach, "namely, that secular authorities lack the power to answer some questions--religious questions--whose resolution is, under an appropriately pluralistic political theory, left to other institutions.
28) Koppelman responds through the ambitious framework of a broader defense of the hands-off doctrine against objections it has faced from commentators on a variety of conceptual grounds.
32) Therefore, he concludes, "[t]he hands-off rule .
Like Koppelman, Provost Christopher Eisgruber and Dean Lawrence Sager frame their Symposium essay as a response to objections to the Supreme Court's hands-off approach.
Levine, Rethinking the Supreme Court's Hands-Off Approach to Questions of Religious Practice and Belief, 25 FORDHAM URB.
Milivojevich, one of the landmark church property cases, Justice Rehnquist dissented from the majority's hands-off approach that "'a civil court must accept the ecclesiastical decisions of church tribunals as it finds them.
Likewise, the language of dissenting opinions in free exercise cases suggests some dissatisfaction with an important aspect of the Court's hands-off approach: the refusal to consider the centrality of a religious practice or belief.
At all other times, productivity should be measured in terms of hands-off maintenance.
Hands-off uses the craftsman's eyes, ears, hands and common sense to inspect operating equipment and to determine those repairs needed to keep machinery running properly.