Hanuman

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Hanuman

 

(Presbytis entellus), a thin-bodied monkey of the Cercopithecidae family, order Primates. The body of the males is 60–70 cm long, with a 90–100 cm tail; the weight averages 9–11 kg. The fur is gray-brown or yellow-brown, with lighter hair around the face. The face, hands, and feet are black. The hanuman is founü in Hindustan, Kashmir, Nepal, southern Tibet, Sikkim, Assam, and Ceylon. During the day it spends much of its time on the ground, although it moves about very adroitly through the crowns of trees and can jump as far as 4–12 m. Its food is made up chiefly of leaves and fruits. Sometimes the animal damages crop plantations. In India the hanuman is considered a sacred animal.

M. F. NESTURKH

Hanuman

monkey deity, conqueror of demons, builder of a stone bridge from India to Ceylon. [Hindu Myth.: Collier’s, IX, 214]
See: Heroism
References in periodicals archive ?
Ecobehavioural diversity of Hanuman Langur Presbytis entellus living in different Ecosystems.
First record of mange (Sarcoptic mange) in free ranging Hanuman langur (Semnopithecus entellus) and its treatment around Jodhpur, (Rajasthan), India.
The Thar desert forms ideal habitat for the many threatened faunal species like Leopard (Panthera pardus), Hyaena (Hyaena hyaena), Caracal (Caracal caracal), Jungle cat (Felischaus), Desert cat (Felis sylvestris), Indian wolf (Canis lupus), Jackal (Canis aureas), Desert fox (Vulpes vulpes pusilla), Fox (Vulpes bengalensis), Toddy cat (Paradoxorus hermaphordiatus), Hanuman langur (Semnopithecus entellus), Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra), Chinkara (Gazella gazellai bennettii), Blue bull (Boselaphus tragocamelus), Sloth bear (Melursus ursinus), Wild boar (Sus scrofa), Porcupine (Hystrix indica) and many other birds and reptiles.
During long-term eco-behavioral and population dynamics studies of Hanuman langur (Semnopithecus entellus) carried out between 1995-2001 using focal, scan and ad-libitum sampling of Altmann (1974); in the various sites of study area (Chhangani, 2000; 2002a,b; 2003a,b; 2004a,b, c, d;2005;2007a;b;2009a,b;2010; Chhangani and Mohnot 1997; 2004; Rajpurohit et al.
Hanuman langur, variety of bats, flying foxes, vultures, kites, crows etc (Fig.
Crop raids by wild mammals, like Blue bull (Boselaphus tragocamelus), Sloth bear (Melursus ursinus), Wild boar (Sus scrofa) Hanuman langur (Semnopithecus entellus) and Porcupine (Hystrix indica) have been widely reported in all the villages of the study area.