haploid


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Related to haploid: Haploid number

haploid

Biology
1. (esp of gametes) having a single set of unpaired chromosomes
2. a haploid cell or organism

haploid

[′ha‚plȯid]
(genetics)
Having half of the diploid or full complement of chromosomes, that is, one complete set, as in mature gametes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Stevor genes have 30-40 copies per haploid genome and have a two exon structure.
38) Fertilizasyon oncesinde mature sperrnin tastdigt paternal haploid genom protaminlerle stkrca paketlenirken, metafaz II'de baskilanan maternal genom histon proteinleri He paketlenir.
The determined C values (measured in picogram) and their haploid genome sizes (measured in base pairs) for 8 brachiopods--Lingula anatina, Lingula reevii, Discradisca stella, Terebratulina crossei, Laqueus rubellus, Laqueus blanfordi, Terebratalia coreanica, and Platidia japonica--are shown in Table 1.
The subtypes are low hypodiploid ALL, characterized by 32 to 39 chromosomes, and near haploid ALL, which has 24 to 31 chromosomes.
5-7) Apart from rare hereditary cases, complete hydatidiform mole (CHM) has a diploid nuclear genome that comprises paternal DNA ("diandry") exclusively; the 2 paternal haploid sets may be derived from duplication of the DNA content of a single sperm or, less commonly, from the DNA of 2 separate sperm.
In contrast to animals, plant fertilization is based on the interplay between multicellular haploid gametophytes.
6-Mb deletion of the human Y chromosome persists through balance between recurrent mutation and haploid selection.
They could see, by comparing the sequences of the chromosomes in the diploid cells with those in the haploid sperm cells, where each recombination event took place.
The chromosome number is not an exact multiple of the haploid number.
Why mitochondrial genes ditch their cushy haploid environs to take up residence in a large and chaotic nucleus long has stumped evolutionary biologists, but scientists from Indiana University, Bloomington, report that they have uncovered an important due in flowering plants.