harp


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harp,

stringed musical instrument of ancient origin, the strings of which are plucked with the fingers. Harps were found in paintings from the 13th cent. B.C. at Thebes. In different forms it was played by peoples of nearly all lands throughout the ages. The harp was particularly popular with the Irish from the 9th cent. They adopted the small instrument still in use, called the Irish harp, as a national symbol. The larger instrument was well known on the Continent by the 12th cent. During the 15th cent. the harp came to be made in three parts, as it is today: sound box, neck, and pillar. The strings are stretched between the sound box and the neck; into the neck are fastened the tuning pegs. Chromatic harps, having a string for each tone of the chromatic scale, have appeared since the late 16th cent., but none has been as practical as the diatonic harp, made in the late 17th cent. in the Tyrol and equipped with hooks capable of altering the pitch of any string by a semitone. A pedal mechanism that shortened the strings was devised (c.1720) in Germany. The harp was perfected with Sébastien Érard's invention (c.1810) of the double-action pedals, which can shorten each string twice, raising the pitch by a semitone or a tone. The harp appeared occasionally in the orchestra in the 18th cent., but its regular inclusion there, as well as most of its solo literature, dates from the late 19th cent.

Bibliography

See R. Rensch, The Harp (1970) and Harps and Harpists (1989).

Harp

A metal device fitted into the socket of a lamp that holds a lampshade.

harp

1. a large triangular plucked stringed instrument consisting of a soundboard connected to an upright pillar by means of a curved crossbar from which the strings extend downwards. The strings are tuned diatonically and may be raised in pitch either one or two semitones by the use of pedals (double-action harp). Basic key: B major; range: nearly seven octaves
2. an informal name (esp in pop music) for harmonica
References in classic literature ?
However, there was no time to think more about the matter, for the fiddles and harp began in real earnest.
04pm on a dark October night, the Harp Angel - dressed as a mad scientist - caught the ride of a lifetime after ziplining from Belfast's iconic Gasworks clock tower, in a nod to an '80s sci-fi classic.
MORE than 25 triple harps were played in unison on the Eisteddfod Maes.
Mindful Music Lessons & Coaching, the premier confidence coaching and training for beginning and returning musicians, today announced that president and founder, Cymber Lily Quinn, will offer her signature harp improv training on July 18, 2014.
Michael has provided a powerful voice for recovery in the treatment industry for more than a decade on both a regional and national level," said Gino Cicerchia, Founder and CEO of HARP Palm Beach.
TBut that will change for 12 adventurous first-time harp students when I take them on a momentous one-day learning journey, from plucking their very first note in the morning right through to performing in the evening as part of my concert - The Three Strands; Passion, Sorrow and Joy - which will be staged as part of the Cardiff Camac Harp Weekend at Cardiff Metropolitan University.
The number of those refinancings done through HARP totaled 3.
The Harp Angel recently launched the countdown to summer as he revealed his Top 5 'Norn Irish' signs that summer is getting closer.
It may once have been a jaw's harp, a little misheard, for it's the jaw that does all the hard work, when it comes to playing the thing.
The harp studio of UO faculty member Laura Zaerr offers Harp Day, an all-day celebration of the instrument and its heritage.
Special features include full-ranged harp articulations, traditional angelic-sounding harp plucks, harmonics, Pres de la table, picked, dampened and other types of playing techniques.
But a second version of HARP, introduced in 2011, removed many of those barriers, particularly the 125% LTV cap, and made HARP something credit unions could use to not just help their own members but gain new ones, executives said.