Harquebus

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Harquebus

 

one of the original models of Western European hand firearms, which appeared in the first third of the 15th century. The harquebus was loaded from the muzzle, and the powder charge was ignited by hand through a cartridge vent on the barrel. Stone, and later lead, spherical bullets were fired from the harquebus. In Rus’ the harquebus was called a pishchal’.


Harquebus

 

(Russian, pishchal’), a heavy hand firearm and artillery gun, with which Russian troops were armed from the 15th to 17th centuries.

At first the harquebus was used for the defense of fortresses. Later, it also came to be used in field battle. The hand-held harquebus had one or more barrels and was called a short, or shoulder, harquebus. Certain types of harquebuses were used to blast walls during sieges, and others were designed to defend fortresses. In Rus’, regimental types of harquebuses were called sokoliki and volkoneiki. The caliber of artillery harquebuses ranged from 1.2 to 10 inches, and their length was 10–70 calibers. Certain harquebuses were up to 110 calibers in length. Various models of the harquebus are preserved in the Central Museum of the Artillery, Engineer Troops, and Signal Troops in Leningrad.

References in periodicals archive ?
In his report of this action, Otermin described a much-feared alliance formed by Tupatu's followers and "the confident coyotes, mestizos, and mulattoes, all of whom are skillful horsemen and know how to manage harquebuses and lances, together with the main body and column of the rest of the people of all the nations.
Popular images such as that of Santiago Matamoros, or angels with harquebuses and the virgen de la leche, are examined within this context.
Perhaps it got this name because the early harquebuses were used in association with pikes, pikes being "hook-spears.
The captain general ordered the flagship's longboat lowered, stepped to its bow and then, with the two royal observers to take notes, perhaps the official interpreter, and no doubt a few sailors armed with swords and harquebuses to act as guards, he was rowed ashore.
Robak took a moment to examine the harquebuses and broadswords then went off to reconnoiter the grounds, to seek out the servants and discover the Count's whereabouts.
Nevertheless, the Spaniards were hard pressed and to make his forces more effective, at least defensively, Cortes divided his men, ordering some to reload crossbows and harquebuses while others fired, and directed the mounted lancers to make short forays to disrupt the Tlaxcaltecs' formations and frustrate their attacks.