Hartal

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Hartal

 

in India, the cessation of all business activity as a sign of protest. During the national liberation movement in India the hartal took the form of a general strike involving workers, the urban middle classes, merchants, students, and schoolchildren. The hartal may include meetings and protest demonstrations. From 1918 to 1947 it was a fundamental tactic in the National Congress’ campaign of noncooperation with the colonial authorities. Since India achieved independence in 1947, the hartal has sometimes been used by various political parties as a method of political struggle.

References in periodicals archive ?
The hartal in Kozhikode today to protest against the Kasturirangan report turned violent at Chungam and some other places, with protesters turning against police and media persons.
For four decades, all parties in Bangladesh have relied on violent street demonstrations and hartals.
The bill named the Kerala Prohibition of Bandhs and Regulation of Hartals Bill, says no person shall hitherto have the right to conduct any bandh or hartal except in a manner as permitted in the bill.
EDP Training, technical and marketing support by Kudumbashree [] Low capital investment [] Government priority for ICT promotion Opportunities Threats [] Huge market as a result of large scale [] Competition from computerization and content development large scale units [] Growing Outsourcing market [] Frequent work inter- ruptions due to bandh and hartals
In June 2006, the KNAB announced a weeklong program including dawn to dusk hartals (strikes) near Dhaka and a shutdown of the airport to force the Government to declare Muhammad as the last prophet in the ongoing parliament session as a primary step in declaring Ahmadis non-Muslims.
Khaleda had calculated that by boycotting the elections and through hartals, she would force them to be scuttled.
Protestors in Villapilsala in the outskirts of Kerala's capital city appeared to digging in for a long battle, as the local panchayat president began an indefinite fast, and plans were being chalked out for hartals and blockades in the days to come.
Normal life was affected, the usual quota of buses and trains stoned or broken and India Inc's routine protest against the loss of productivity and income engendered by such hartals was duly lodged.
Starting in 1994, these hartals became more and more frequent.
The run up was marred by a series of hartals or shutdowns and violence launched by the Khaleda Zia-led Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) and its allies, notably the Jamt and its student body the Islami Chhatir Shibir.
Thiruvananthapuram Keralites, who are treated often to hartals EoAC" shutting down of shops and services in protest EoAC" for political reasons, today had an experience of the state being virtually shut down for a day, to demand a ban on the deadly pesticide endosulfan.
But the judgment should also dispel the popular notion that one can get away with damaging public property, which most often bears the brunt of vandalism during hartals, bandhs and similar events organised by political and social organisations.