Visitors crawled on hands and knees to discover the many rooms in the holds of the ships, complete with wooden floors, tiny doors and hatchways
, fishing baskets and many half-decayed objects, reminders of past activity.
Bell of the US Yorktown wrote of his discovery: "The stench from below was so great that it was impossible to stand, more than a few moments, near the hatchways
The seamen on watch on the deck above were replaced--they sought their way down the hatchways
to the galley where, under the glare of many lights, the ship's cooks had been busily at work preparing for the morning's meal.
Decatur wrote in his report, "I immediately fired her in her Store Rooms, Gun Room Cockpit and Birth [Berth] Decks, and remained on board until the flames had issued from the Spar Deck Hatchways
Water drips from overhead wires and structure and seeps into hatchways
In case of Alarm during the Night, the Guard on Duty is immediately to occupy the Hatchways
, and if necessary, employ their Arms to repel any attempt by the Convicts to gain the Deck.
One sentence will suffice to set the context: "As the decks sprang to life with their myriad bodies--men, women, children, steeping in dung and debris since Calcutta--as the hatchways
puked out into the sunlight the sweating, starving mass, stewing in urine and noxious gases deep in the bowels of the ships, the stench became so thick you could practically see it.
They streamed aboard over three gangways, they streamed in urged by faith and the hope of paradise, they streamed in with a continuous tramp and shuffle of bare feet, with a word, a murmur, or a look back; and when clear of confining rails spread on all sides over the deck, flowed forward and aft, overflowed down the yawning hatchways
, filled the inner recesses of the ship--like water filling a cistern, like water flowing into crevices and crannies, like water rising silently even with the rim.
We don't recommend systems that mount on the edge of the stop [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE B OMITTED] except on little-used doors and windows, like around hatchways
to the attic.
Spot weld shut all but two vessel hatchways
, pressure up fire hoses, and arm crew.
Bartolome de Las Casas, the great defender of Indian rights, wrote in his History of the Indies what he learned from participant sailors in the trade: "they used to stuff shipholds with hundreds of Indians of both sexes and all ages, pack them like sardines and close off the hatchways
to prevent escape, thus shutting off air and light .
In addition, she guided the business through several acquisitions, including that of Victory Treads in 2011, Arden Architectural Specialties in 2008 and Babcock-Davis Hatchways