Ericaceae

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Ericaceae

[‚er·ə′kās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A large family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Ericales distinguished by having twice as many stamens as corolla lobes.

Ericaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants comprising low evergreen shrubs or (rarely) semishrubs, lianas, and trees. Leaves are usually alternate; flowers are bisexual and sometimes single, although more often formed in umbellate, racemic, or panicular inflorescences. There are four or five each of sepals and petals—rarely, the number is as high as eight each. The corolla is usually brightly colored, and the fruit is boll-like or drupelike. There are about 50 genera and 1,750 species inhabiting both hemispheres, from the arctic deserts to the tropics. In the USSR, 21 genera and over 50 species are found. There are some ornamentals (such as species of rhododendron, erica, and the strawberry tree). Among the wild Ericaceae, the most widespread are Korean rhododendron, heather, butterbur, and bearberry. Micorhiza often form on the roots of Ericaceae; for this reason the plants are able to grow on nitrogen-poor boggy or sandy soils. Sometimes the bilberry family is considered part of the Ericaceae family.

REFERENCES

Bush, E. A., and A. N. Poiarkova. “Vereskovye.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 18. Moscow-Leningrad, 1952.
Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Madrones are the tallest members of the Heath Family, which includes such diverse relatives as heathers, rhododendrons, azaleas, sourwood (Oxydendrum arboreum), farkelberry and manzanitas.
Danny, from a fighting Small Heath family, had only two fights as a professional but was well known on the amateur circuit.
One of the benefits of the move is that Samuel Heath's shareholders, the majority of whom are Heath family members, could receive up to 100 per cent inheritance tax relief on their shares.
The free five-week course, with two-hour sessions, will start at noon on Monday at the Hateley Heath Family Education Training Centre in Huntingdon Road, West Bromwich.