hedgerow


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hedgerow

a hedge of shrubs or low trees growing along a bank, esp one bordering a field or lane

Hedgerow

 

a row of shrubs or trees with thick interlocking crowns of the same height. Hedgerows are used in landscape architecture for protecting roads, for separating residential buildings from the street, and for framing avenues, squares, and boulevards. They are also used in landscaping gardens, parks, and city streets. In kolkhozes and sovkhozes hedgerows may serve as belts to separate areas and to prevent cattle from entering fields and gardens.

Hedgerows are divided into three groups according to height: the so-called borders (less than 1 m), medium hedge-rows (from 1 m to 3 m), and green walls (over 3 m). Irrespective of their height, hedgerows may either be kept in their natural state or trimmed regularly. Hedgerows may be formed from one, two, or several rows of varying heights (multilevel planting). Borders are used to frame parterres, flowerbeds, lawns, and park paths. In making borders, low shrubs with thick foliage and small leaves that grow slowly and withstand trimming well are used, including mahonia, cotoneaster, and arborvitae. For hedgerows of medium height, medium and tall shrubs, as well as the shrub forms of some trees, often hawthorn, dogwood, or honeysuckle, are used. Green walls are formed from freely growing trees and shrubs with naturally symmetrical crowns or with crowns that can be maintained in a definite shape by regular trimming. Green walls that are not trimmed are formed from trees with columnar crowns. Beech, spruce, poplar, and linden are used for green walls.

Hedgerows should be thick, compact, leafy at all heights, and geometrically regular in shape. Single-layer hedgerows make good backgrounds for flowerbeds and small garden landscapes. Multilayer hedgerows may consist of shrubs with leaves of one color or of contrasting colors, and untrimmed hedgerows are made from plants with beautiful flowers and fruit. In addition to ordinary hedgerows, trellises are also used in landscaping: rows of trees or shrubs that form a flat leafy lattice as a result of trimming, growing together, or the bending of runners in a particular direction. Trees are used for creating tall trellises, trellised avenues, and special formal designs.

I. P. IGNAT’EVA

hedgerow

Trees and shrubs in a row forming a fence which encloses or separates fields.
References in periodicals archive ?
Once layed with regular maintenance a hedgerow can be in place for up to 50 years, so though the process is time consuming it can be a costeffective way of managing the countryside.
There are over 40 memorial plaques around the trees in the hedgerow and we know that family members' ashes have been spread around them.
Cast pup toward the hedgerow, emphasizing the hand and step signal.
Hawthorn hedgerows still grow in the green pastures of Normandy and England.
These are much needed | refuges for songbirds, while voles, mice and shrews are typical hedgerow mammals that take advantage of all the autumnal fruit.
Maintenance of hedgerows is required under agri-environmental schemes but work must take place before September 1 and getting a licence can take 10 weeks.
Insects on hedgerow shrubs were monitored every 2 weeks from April to November 1999 and March to November 2000.
California leads the Nation in adopting the practice of field-side hedgerows and last year accounted for half of all those developed in the United States.
The hedgerow followed the side of the large drainage ditch that now alone runs beside the car park to make the western boundary.
A series of free ranger-led Hedgerow Safaris are being held on organic farms across the UK and the Welsh event is being staged this month at Little Pencoed Farm near Kilgetty in Pembrokeshire.
Hedgerow history; ecology, history and landscape character.
After a long, restless night, we crawled out before sunrise and heard gobbling in the timber surrounding a large hedgerow.