(redirected from hemiplegic)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to hemiplegic: hemiplegic gait, Diplegic


Unilateral paralysis of the body.



complete loss of voluntary movements in the arm and leg on one side. There are organic and functional hemiplegias.

Organic hemiplegia may arise from disruption of the cerebral blood circulation (hemorrhage in the brain, thrombosis or embolism of the cerebral blood vessels), tumor, or inflammatory diseases of the brain (such as encephalitis and arachnoiditis). Functional hemiplegia is caused by hysteria. Organic hemiplegia results from injury by a pathological process to the motor pyramidal system (the nerve formation extending from the cerebral cortex to the anterior horns of the spinal cord). In organic hemiplegia, muscle tone and tendon reflexes increase in the paralyzed limbs, and pathological reflexes are formed. The absence of movements in the limbs is combined with partial dysfunction of the mimetic muscles on the same side, occasionally on the other side. Cyanosis, edema, and coldness of the limbs often appear on the affected side. These symptoms are absent in functional hemiplagia. Normal movements may be restored, depending on the nature of the process and degree of involvement of the pyramidal system. Hemiplegia sometimes has residual effects. Functional hemiplegia disappears without a trace.

Treatment consists of elimination of the main disease responsible for the hemiplegia. Early use of massage and exercise therapy is essential. Nervous system stimulants and agents that decrease muscle tone are administered.


Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po nevrologii, vol. 2. Moscow, 1962. Pages 92-101.


References in periodicals archive ?
Keywords: Assessment, hemiplegic shoulder pain, intervention, nursing, stroke
The discovery came after neurologist Michel Ferrari of Leiden University Medical Center in the Netherlands happened to see two patients on the same day with familial hemiplegic migraine.
Hemiplegic migraine symptoms include temporary paralysis down one side of the body, vertigo or difficulty walking, double vision or blindness, hearing impairment and numbness around the mouth, leading to trouble speaking or swallowing.
Mailed questionnaires completed by 75 patients with familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) indicated that 63% experience between 1 and 12 triggers, whereas the remaining 37% said no environmental triggers precede their attacks, Dr.
25) were able to show that a rehabilitation programme comprising mainly the PNF technique led to improvement in voluntary movement of the hemiplegic lower limb.
SUMAVEL DosePro is not intended for the prophylactic therapy of migraine or for use in the management of hemiplegic or basilar migraine and should not be administered intravenously.
Chris, who is a spastic hemiplegic and is paralysed down the left side of his body, has now passed 10 GCSEs.
But as a result of his spine being fractured, he was rendered hemiplegic (paralysis of one side of the body) and, subsequently, completely paralysed.
Hemiplegic migraine in childhood: diagnostic and therapeutic aspects.
The hemiplegic migraine can cause temporary one sided paralysis and sometimes loss of balance and dizziness," says Dr Gupta.