henbane


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henbane

or

black henbane,

herb (Hyoscyamus niger) native to the Mediterranean region and naturalized in parts of North America. It belongs to the family Solanaceae (nightshadenightshade,
common name for the Solanaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and a few trees of warm regions, chiefly tropical America. Many are climbing or creeping types, and rank-smelling foliage is typical of many species.
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 family) and contains a narcotic poison (similar to that of the related belladonna) that is extracted from the leaves for medicinal use. The drug, also called henbane, is composed of alkaloids, chiefly hyoscyamine and scopolaminescopolamine
or hyoscine
, alkaloid drug obtained from plants of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), chiefly from henbane, Hyoscyamus niger. Structurally similar to the nerve substance acetylcholine, scopolamine acts by interfering with the transmission of nerve
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. Henbane is produced chiefly in Egypt, Russia, and Hungary; the United States is a major importer. The name henbane refers to the fact that the seeds of this herb are very poisonous to poultry. It is sometimes also called nightshade. Henbane is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Polemoniales, family Solanaceae.

henbane

[′hen‚bān]
(botany)
Hyoscyamus niger. A poisonous herb containing the toxic alkaloids hyoscyamine and hyoscine; extracts have properties similar to belladonna.

henbane

a poisonous solanaceous European plant, Hyoscyamus niger, with sticky hairy leaves and funnel-shaped greenish flowers: yields the drug hyoscyamine
References in periodicals archive ?
2] had cited that the henbane seeds have a low germination rate under normal laboratory conditions and to break dormancy in his study, he had treated henbane seeds in GA3 (250mg/l) for 48h and after 3 days, 90% of seeds germinated.
Henbane (Hyoscyamus niger), belladonna or deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna), Mandrake (Mandragora officinarum), and thorn apple or jimsonweed (Datura spp.
Mr Worrall Thompson told reporters he had confused henbane with a plant of a similar name and admitted the mix-up was "a bit embarrassing".
However, I have read that henbane was once used in magic potions and I am a little witch at heart.
In the vast brotherhood of pain, there is neither East nor West, both using opium, mandrake, hashish and henbane, which sought to bring to operated patients the balm of merciful sleep.
With mortar and pestle in hand she grinds a concoction of "K-Y jelly," "berries from the belladonna branch, crumbles of henbane," and "a compressed square of marijuana buds" (50).
Justin's Epitome of Trogus notes that the king raised herbs in his own gardens, both beneficial and harmful, and Plutarch, Demetrius, tabulates the poisonous herbs, including henbane, hellebore, hemlock, aconite and thornapple.
Morphine found in opium, atropine in henbane, scopolamine in mandrake, and coniine in hemlock can all induce sleep.
Belladonna has a chemical profile similar to other important witching herbs, specifically datura, henbane and mandrake.
Before fog leaves the scrub-oak Or the grasses of the downland, Take dragonwort under the black alder, Take cockspur grass and henbane, The belladonna, the deadly nightshade.
Here's the apocryphal OED reference: "'Twas this cruel night the jack-slave featly came, to blog her with henbane and sarcenet.