henbane


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henbane

or

black henbane,

herb (Hyoscyamus niger) native to the Mediterranean region and naturalized in parts of North America. It belongs to the family Solanaceae (nightshadenightshade,
common name for the Solanaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and a few trees of warm regions, chiefly tropical America. Many are climbing or creeping types, and rank-smelling foliage is typical of many species.
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 family) and contains a narcotic poison (similar to that of the related belladonna) that is extracted from the leaves for medicinal use. The drug, also called henbane, is composed of alkaloids, chiefly hyoscyamine and scopolaminescopolamine
or hyoscine
, alkaloid drug obtained from plants of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), chiefly from henbane, Hyoscyamus niger. Structurally similar to the nerve substance acetylcholine, scopolamine acts by interfering with the transmission of nerve
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. Henbane is produced chiefly in Egypt, Russia, and Hungary; the United States is a major importer. The name henbane refers to the fact that the seeds of this herb are very poisonous to poultry. It is sometimes also called nightshade. Henbane is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Polemoniales, family Solanaceae.

henbane

[′hen‚bān]
(botany)
Hyoscyamus niger. A poisonous herb containing the toxic alkaloids hyoscyamine and hyoscine; extracts have properties similar to belladonna.

henbane

a poisonous solanaceous European plant, Hyoscyamus niger, with sticky hairy leaves and funnel-shaped greenish flowers: yields the drug hyoscyamine
References in periodicals archive ?
2] had cited that the henbane seeds have a low germination rate under normal laboratory conditions and to break dormancy in his study, he had treated henbane seeds in GA3 (250mg/l) for 48h and after 3 days, 90% of seeds germinated.
Mr Worrall Thompson told reporters he had confused henbane with a plant of a similar name and admitted the mix-up was "a bit embarrassing".
However, I have read that henbane was once used in magic potions and I am a little witch at heart.
In the vast brotherhood of pain, there is neither East nor West, both using opium, mandrake, hashish and henbane, which sought to bring to operated patients the balm of merciful sleep.
Jacob was eccentric to say the least, and--according to Fernande Olivier--he was addicted to ether and henbane, which apparently stimulated his powers as a 'pythia' (soothsayer).
Scholars generally accept henebon as being henbane, or Hyoscyamus.
Key-words: Neolithic, Scotland, ceremonial site, Balfarg/Balbirnie, henbane, hallucinogen
Hallucinogenic substances are widely used in many cultures to achieve shamanic states, including peyote, psilocybe mushrooms, datura (Jimson weed), Banisteriopsis vine (ayahuasca), nightshade (belladonna), mandrake root, or henbane.
There are accounts of many phenomena of the natural world such as the dart- poison frog and its plant-world counterpart, henbane.
13) Not only were these substances known to be toxic, but contemporary medical authorities classified them as hot and dry poisons which operated by burning, in contrast with poisons such as hemlock, nightshade, and henbane, which were understood to kill by coldness, through numbing and dulling of feeling.
If you were to paddle a canoe down the Green River from its birth in Wyoming to its confluence with the Colorado, and if in the canoe you had a guide curious and knowledgeable about glacialcut valleys, pool-and-ripple sequences, henbane and cottonwood, and Mesozoic fossils--all of which are to be found in and along the Green--you would have a good approximation of this gracefully written book.