hydrothorax

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hydrothorax

[‚hī·drə′thȯr‚aks]
(medicine)
Collection of serous fluid in the pleural spaces.
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Post procedure results showed that 7 out of the 22 cases reported absence of any complications and were not associated with recurrence of hepatic hydrothorax.
A case treated with bovoiodine suffered from tense ascites 2 months after the procedure, (3 liters were tapped) but with no associated recurrence of hepatic hydrothorax.
The term refractory hepatic hydrothorax is used when medical treatment with salt restriction and diuretics are ineffective, as prolonged diuretic treatment may result in depletion of the intravascular volume and impaired renal function.
Although, thoracocentesis is the most effective method for rapid relief of dyspnea secondary to massive pleural effusion associated with hepatic hydrothorax, it carries the risk of substantial protein depletion without preventing fluid reaccumulation, especially if repeated thoracocentesis is required [7].