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liverleaf,any plant of the genus Hepatica of the family Ranunculaceae (buttercupbuttercup
common name for the Ranunculaceae, a family of chiefly annual or perennial herbs of cool regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Thought to be one of the most primitive families of dicotyledenous plants, the Ranunculaceae typically have a simple
..... Click the link for more information. family), low, woodland, spring wildflowers of the north temperate zone, popular for wild gardens. The delicate blossoms, of shades of lavender, pink, and blue, may appear while there is still snow; the three-lobed leaves persist through winter. Hepaticas were formerly used as a domestic remedy. Although often called liverworts, they are unrelated to the primitive plants commonly called liverwortsliverwort,
any plant of the class Marchantiopsida. Mosses and liverworts together comprise the division Bryophyta, primitive green land plants (see moss; plant); some of the earliest land plants resembled modern liverworts.
..... Click the link for more information. that are classified with the mosses in the division Bryophyta. Hepatica is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information. , class Magnoliopsida, order Ranunculales, family Ranunculaceae.
a genus of perennial evergreen herbaceous plants of the family Ranunculaceae. The leaves form a basal rosette and consist of three or five leathery lobes on long petioles. The solitary, regular flowers are purple or white; the perianth consists of six to ten petallike sepals. The fruit is a multiple nut, whose lobes and juicy caruncles are eaten and distributed by ants.
There are six to ten species of hepatica, distributed predominantly in the temperate belt of Eurasia and in the eastern part of North America. There are three species in the USSR: H. nobilis, which grows in hardwood forests and shrub thickets in the European USSR; H. Falconeri, which is found in Middle Asia; and H. asiatica, which grows in the southern Primor’e region. H. nobilis and H. angulosa are cultivated as ornamentals.