herbal


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to herbal: Herbal remedies, Herbal supplements

herbal,

early botanical book containing descriptions and illustrations of herbs and plants with their properties, chiefly those qualities that made them useful as medicines or condiments. Most of the herbals were written between c.1470 and c.1670; they were especially popular in England and Germany. Among the famous herbalists were Gaspard Bauhin, Otto Brunfels, Hieronymus Bock, and Leonhard Fuchs, all active during the 16th cent. Mingled with illustrations of often painstaking accuracy were fantastic figures and many superstitious descriptions of the magical powers of plants, e.g., the doctrine of signatures. This theory of herbal medicine was based on the superficial resemblance of certain plants or plant parts to specific human organs or parts. The appropriate herb was used for any disorder of its human counterpart. Thus certain heart-shaped leaves were thought to relieve heart disease; the convoluted walnut, brain disease; and the figworts, whose flowers have deep throats, were given for scrofula (hence the figwort family name Scrophulariaceae). The herbal began to disappear as medicine acquired a more scientific approach, but it has enjoyed a revival of interest as more people have turned to self-care and herbal medicineherbal medicine,
use of natural plant substances (botanicals) to treat and prevent illness. The practice has existed since prehistoric times and flourishes today as the primary form of medicine for perhaps as much as 80% of the world's population.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Bibliography

See A. R. Arber, Herbals, Their Origin and Evolution (2d ed. 1938); B. C. Harris, The Compleat Herbal (new ed. 1972).

References in periodicals archive ?
This professional and in-depth study on the current state of the herbal supplements and herbal remedies market provides a basic overview of the industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain structure.
Women were asked about their use of herbal medicine for pregnancy-related complaints, whether they self-prescribed or were prescribed by a health professional, sources of information that influences decision making of CAM use during pregnancy, and demographic measures including urban or nonurban residence, employment status and level of education.
It was decided at a meeting of the DRAP, held in last November that the medicines of such herbal companies which had not got registered its products would be considered illegal and spurious, the pharmacist added.
Under the Herbal Bill, federal and provincial drug inspectors will launch complete crackdown including raids at medical stores to seize products of unregistered companies besides filing cases for prosecution in drug courts.
material (SRM) herbal barcode library from 100 herbal species of known provenance that were used to identify the unknown herbal products and leaf samples.
Part 2, Practical clinical guides discusses dosage and prescribing approaches in Traditional Chinese Medicine and Ayurveda in both historical and contemporary contexts, and their relevance to different streams of Western herbal medicine.
Of course, the herbal remedies didn't bring my hair back, but they stopped me from losing more hair.
The directive, according to The Independent, was introduced in response to rising concern over adverse effects caused by herbal medicines.
The Shume family initially became involved in herbal medicine in the late 1800s, when Lyndsay's Great Aunty, Henrietta Shume, believed a herbal remedy (supplied by local South African natives) cured her of a suspected cancerous breast lesion.
Federal District Court for the Southern District of Ohio in Cincinnati, involves the company's Herbal Essences logo and the unique design of the Herbal Essences shampoo and conditioner bottles.
Herbal supplements that claim to enhance the libido have become very popular, with some products even claiming to contain the ingredients found in the prescription medications Viagra and Cialis.