herpesvirus

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Related to herpesviruses: HHV 1, poxviruses

herpesvirus,

any of the family (Herpesviridae) of common DNA-containing viruses, many of which are associated with human disease. See cytomegaloviruscytomegalovirus
, member of the herpesvirus family that can cause serious complications in persons with weakened immune systems and infants. A common virus, it is estimated that up to 80% of Americans carry cytomegalovirus by the time they reach adulthood.
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; Epstein-Barr virusEpstein-Barr virus
(EBV), herpesvirus that is the major cause of infectious mononucleosis and is associated with a number of cancers, particularly lymphomas in immunosuppressed persons, including persons with AIDS.
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; herpes simplexherpes simplex
, an acute viral infection of the skin characterized by one or more painful, itching blisters filled with clear fluid. It is caused by either of two herpes simplex viruses: Type 1, herpes labialis,
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; herpes zosterherpes zoster,
infection of a ganglion (nerve center) with severe pain and a blisterlike eruption in the area of the nerve distribution, a condition called shingles. The causative organism is varicella zoster, a common, filtrable virus that is also known to cause chicken pox.
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herpesvirus

[′hər‚pēz‚vī·rəs]
(virology)
A major group of deoxyribonucleic acid-containing animal viruses, distinguished by a cubic capsid, enveloped virion, and affinity for the host nucleus as a site of maturation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Considering that little is known in Colombia about viruses producing meningitis and/or encephalitis, a surveillance study on herpesviruses causing these diseases in the city of Monteria, Department of Cordoba, Colombia, has been conducted.
It should be noted that determining BoHV-5 prevalence by serological methods is laborious, as both herpesviruses are antigenically very similar since they share common epitopes.
The strong host specificity of Herpesviruses may be dependent on the infection and disease that they cause.
Equine herpesviruses 1 (EHV-1) and 4 (EHV4)-epidemiology, disease and immunoprophylaxis: a brief review.
We have also published letters from our readers who report that the inexpensive amino acid helps reduce symptoms of shingles (herpes zoster) and chronic fatigue syndrome, conditions linked to other herpesviruses.
In a paper scheduled for publication in the PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, Lee and his colleagues give evidence that some laboratory-modified herpesviruses infect only cells with ras activation.
Canine herpes virus, unlike most herpesviruses, does not cause disease except in very young puppies and is thought to be a safe vehicle for delivery of genes to dogs.
As new herpesviruses are identified, the challenge remains: how to treat the resulting diseases effectively and prevent them from inflicting harm.
Objective: Herpesviruses are widely spread, and cause life-long infections.
Because sequences from gorilla-specific herpesviruses have not been annotated, we performed a phylogenetic analysis of the amplicon from the gorilla swab sample using the UL30 genes from broadly representative isolates from the 3 herpesvirus subfamilies.
Herpesviruses include pathogens such as herpes simplex 1 and 2, the virus that causes chickenpox otherwise known as zoster virus, the Epstein-Barr virus -associated with several types of cancer -, the roseola virus, the cytomegalovirus and the herpes virus associated with Kaposi sarcoma -in AIDS patients.