Hexachloroethane


Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to Hexachloroethane: Hexachlorobenzene, nitrobenzene

hexachloroethane

[¦hek·sə¦klȯr·ō′e‚thān]
(organic chemistry)
Cl3CCCl3 Colorless crystals with a camphorlike odor, melting point 185°C, toxic; used in organic synthesis, as a retarding agent in fermentation, and as a rubber accelerator.

Hexachloroethane

 

the chlorine-substituted ethane CCl3—CCl3; colorless crystals with a weak camphoraceous odor. Melting point, 189°C (fused capillary). Hexachloroethane sublimes in open vessels; it is insoluble in water, moderately soluble in alcohol and ether, and readily soluble in carbon disulfide; it is stable toward acid and alkali action in the cold.

Hexachloroethane is produced by chlorinating tetrachloroethylene (CCl2═CCl2) at 100°-200°C under pressure; it is also a side product in the production of CCl4 from CS2 and Cl2. Hexachloroethane is used as a camphor substitute, in the production of nitrocellulose plastics, in admixture with some metals as a smoke producer, and as a luminescence intensifier in pyrotechnic compounds, as well as in medicine as an anthelmintic in treating liver helminthiases, opistorchiasis, and fascioliasis.

References in periodicals archive ?
Field Measurement and Model Evaluation Program for Assessment of the Environmental Effects of Military Smokes: Analysis Methods and Results of Hexachloroethane Smoke Dispersion Experiments Conducted as Part of Atterbury-87 Field Studies.
Some hepatotexic action of hexachloroethane and its metabolites in sheep.
The most notable gas-releasing compound is hexachloroethane (|C.
Aluminum carbide can also be formed from using certain solid degassing tablets that consist of hexachloroethane C2CI,) via the reaction:
9 Hexachloroethane -- -- -- -- Hexane -- -- -- -- Hydrazine -- -- -- -- Hydrogen chloride -- -- -- -- Hydrogen cyanide -- -- -- -- Methyl chloride -- -- -- -- Methyl diphenyl isocyanate -- -- -- -- Methyl ethyl ketone -- -- -- -- Methyl isobutyl ketone -- -- -- -- Methyl methacrylate -- -- -- -- Methyl tertiary butyl ether -- -- -- -- Naphthalene -- -- -- -- Phthalic anhydride -- -- -- -- 2,3,7,8-TCDD -- -- -- -- POM [B(a)P surrogate] -- -- -- -- Propylene oxide -- -- -- -- Styrene 2,507 0.