hiatus hernia

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hiatus hernia

, hiatal hernia
protrusion of part of the stomach through the diaphragm at the oesophageal opening

hiatus hernia

[hī′ād·əs ′hər·nē·ə]
(medicine)
Hernia through the esophageal hiatus, usually of a portion of the stomach.
References in periodicals archive ?
Approximately 10%-15% of the general population have hiatal hernia (HH) (1).
If you've been diagnosed with a hiatal hernia and you experience nausea, vomiting, pain with eating, or cannot have a bowel movement, you may have an obstruction or a type of hernia in which the stomach becomes squeezed in the hiatus--this condition rarely occurs--and you should see your doctor or seek care urgently.
Of the 32 patients who died, over half had type III or type IV hiatal hernias; 4 patients had type II hiatal hernias, with the remaining 3 deceased having an unknown type.
This may involve corrective surgery to repair the hiatal hernia or clear obstructions in the airways.
The radiologist should be aware that a prominent esophageal vestibule can mimic a sliding hiatal hernia.
Gastrooesophageal reflux disease (GORD) and oesophagitis do frequently coexist with hiatal hernias, and therefore oesophagitis may well be the cause of anaemia in some patients.
In the patients with severe hiatal hernias, the entire lower esophageal sphincter is damaged to various extents and this landmark is also affected.
Low LES pressures and hiatal hernias are the predominant mechanisms for patients with severe reflux disease.
Transnasal esophagoscopy (TNE) demonstrated a large sliding hiatal hernia cavity that was lined with gastric rugae and a distally visible lumen (figure, A).
The patient is rolled with the table to allow for imaging of provoked underlying GERD or evidence of hiatal hernia as the barium progress through the digestive system.
However, hiatal hernias do predispose individuals to heartburn.