hiccup

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hiccup

or

hiccough,

involuntary spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm followed by a sharp intake of air, which is abruptly stopped by a sudden, involuntary closing of the glottis (opening between the vocal cords); the consequent blocking of air produces a repeated characteristic sharp sound, or hic. It is believed that hiccup is caused by stimulation of the nerve pathways or centers that control the muscles of respiration, particularly the diaphragm. In most instances hiccups are transient, although their course may sometimes be shortened by such measures as holding the breath, deep regular breathing, or rebreathing into a paper bag to increase the carbon dioxide content of the body. However, persistent hiccups may last for weeks, months, or even years. When hiccups are prolonged, therapy may include the administering of certain drugs, inhalation of carbon dioxide, and even interruption of the phrenic nerve either by injection of an anesthetic or by surgery.

hiccup

[′hik·əp]
(medicine)

hiccup

1. a spasm of the diaphragm producing a sudden breathing in followed by a closing of the glottis, resulting in a sharp sound
2. the state or condition of having such spasms
References in periodicals archive ?
The service throughout had been efficient but not pushy and the only hiccough came when we were given the wrong bill and ours could not be traced.
Is this a hiccough along the way or the beginning of a terminal decline?
UN Secretary-General Mr Kofi Annan, who brokered an end to the previous arms stand-off in February, told reporters: "I would hope that when Mr Butler comes back and reports, we will be able to continue our work and that this may be a major hiccough, but a hiccough that we can overcome, I hope.
On the same broader basis, the ending -OUGH, which they describe as the champion with nine soundings, can fairly claim eleven or twelve: BOUGH (ow), DOUGH (o), THROUGH (oo), BOROUGH (uh), HOUGH (hamstring, ock), LOUGH (och), SHOUGH (a breed of dog cited in Macbeth, og), COUGH (off), ROUGH (uff), WOUGH (oof) and HICCOUGH (up).
p suBPoena hiccouGH hiccouGHEd PoPE sePAratist halfPENny shePHerd corPOrate contemPORary temPORAry aPPle stePPE bankruPTcy
We have a pattern of missing Mother Nature's giant hiccoughs down here.
Hellements of Hickonomics in Hiccoughs of Verse Done in our Social Planning Mill.
Yawning, hiccoughs and vomiting may be early signs indicating compression on brainstem structures.
There are still evidently start-up hiccoughs but no more than might be expected of any new project and operator Sherritt International is still forecasting commercial production to be reached early next year.
When she left she left a massive gap behind and, although she's had hiccoughs in her personal life and career, returning will be the tonic she needs together va-vavoom back.
The presidential and municipal elections were hit by controversy, with allegations of vote-buying, omissions from voters' rolls, administrative hiccoughs at ballot-tallying centres and a postponement of the closing of voting.
Give them some way of braying brassily For caressive calling Or to homophonous hiccoughs Transpose the laugh Let them suppose that tears Are snowdrops or molasses Or anything Than human insufficiencies Begging dorsal vertebrae.